Mary Catherine MAUCK

Female 1821 - 1896

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Generation: 1

  1. 1.  Mary Catherine MAUCK was born 2 Jun 1821, Luray, Shenandoah County, Now Page County, Virginia (daughter of Robert P. MAUCK and Esther RUFFNER); died 12 Mar 1896, Addison, Gallia County, Ohio.

    Mary married John ROTHGEB 11 Jul 1843, Addison, Gallia County, Ohio. John (son of John ROTHGEB and Anna STRICKLER) was born 16 Apr 1818, Luray, Shenandoah County, Virginia; died 9 Feb 1849, Addison, Gallia County, Ohio; was buried Rothgeb Cemetery, Addison Township, Gallia County, Ohio. [Group Sheet]

    1. James ROTHGEB
    2. Esther Ann ROTHGEB was born 1844, Addison, Gallia County, Ohio.
    3. Mary Catherine ROTHGEB was born 1845, Addison, Gallia County, Ohio; died 12 Mar 1896.
    4. John Newton ROTHGEB was born 18 Apr 1849, Addison Township, Gallia County, Ohio; died 25 Jan 1931, Merchantville, New Jersey; was buried 1931, Section #78 LOTS 873-8 Green Lawn Cem. Columbus, Ohio.

Generation: 2

  1. 2.  Robert P. MAUCK was born 8 May 1782, Hamburg, Shenandoah County, Now Page County, Virginia (son of Daniel MAUCK and Rebecca BAKER); died 15 Jul 1834; was buried Gravel Hill Cemetery, Cheshire Township, Gallia County.


    First married Christina Ruffner, but she died in childbirth 8 month after marriage. Three year later married her sister younger Esther. Family moved from Virginia to Addison Township, Gallia County, Ohio in 1826.
    In 1813 Robert Mauck built a dam on the Little Hawksbill for working a Grist Mill.
    Robert moved his family to Galia County, Ohio in 1826

    Robert married Esther RUFFNER 7 Jan 1811, Shenandoah County, Virginia. Esther (daughter of Peter RUFFNER and Elizabeth BURNER) was born 15 Aug 1786, Shenandoah County, Now Page County, Virginia; died 26 Oct 1860, Cheshire Township, Gallia County, Ohio; was buried Gravel Hill Cemetery, Cheshire Township, Gallia County. [Group Sheet]

  2. 3.  Esther RUFFNER was born 15 Aug 1786, Shenandoah County, Now Page County, Virginia (daughter of Peter RUFFNER and Elizabeth BURNER); died 26 Oct 1860, Cheshire Township, Gallia County, Ohio; was buried Gravel Hill Cemetery, Cheshire Township, Gallia County.


    First married Christina Ruffner, but she died in childbirth 8 month after marriage. Three year later married her sister Esther. Family moved from Virginia to Addison Township, Gallia County, Ohio in 1826.

    1. Joseph Mandslaw MAUCK died 10 Sep 1853.
    2. Celinea Baker MAUCK was born 25 May 1812; died 16 Dec 1846.
    3. Rebeckaah Ann MAUCK was born 1 Nov 1813; died UNKNOWN.
    4. Newton Eglon MAUCK was born 3 Oct 1815, Shenandoah County, Virginia; died 1 Aug 1901, Gallia County, Ohio.
    5. John Joseph MAUCK was born 8 Dec 1817, Luray, Page County, Virginia; died 24 Mar 1885, Middleport, Ohio.
    6. 1. Mary Catherine MAUCK was born 2 Jun 1821, Luray, Shenandoah County, Now Page County, Virginia; died 12 Mar 1896, Addison, Gallia County, Ohio.
    7. Nancy Jane MAUCK was born 4 Feb 1823; died 25 Oct 1898.
    8. Melissa Liddy MAUCK was born 29 May 1825, Luray, Page County, Virginia; died Jun 1910.
    9. William Stage MAUCK was born 7 Jun 1827; died 19 Dec 1859.

Generation: 3

  1. 4.  Daniel MAUCK was born 1742, Germany Or Switzerland (son of Rudolph MAUCK and Mildrid UNKNOWN); died Jan 1803, Hamburg, Shenandoah County, (Now Page), Virginia; was buried Cemetery By "Mauck Meeting House" Hamburg, Va.


    Lived in Hamburg, Virginia, which has been in Frederick, Shenandoah and Page counties, Virginia. This was not the Daniel named in the state census of 1783-4 as of Rockingham County, Virginia. The latter was apparently a nephew and the son of Rudolph Mauck Jr.
    Tradition says that Daniel migrated about 1750 with a friend, Beaver, from the region of Lancaster, Pa., to a part of Frederick Co., now Page Co., Va. The Beavers came into Page Co. from Madison Co., Va. east of the Blue Ridge, where they had been connected with Maucks by intermarriage.

    Daniel Mauck obtained a large track of land (200 acres) from Loard Fairfax sometime in after 1750.

    Daniel Mauck served in the colonial militia in 1753. In 1761 Hs had 200 acres in Culpeper Co. By patent from Lord Fairfax in 1765, he received 283 acres at Hamburg and settled there with his wife and two children about 1767, He was a farmer and did custom milling. Altogether he owned nearly 1500 acres of land. He was connected at different times with the Reformed, Lutheran, Mennonite, and Dunkard sects. In or before 1801 he donated a tract on the principal highway, near the center of his Fairfax farm, for a church building which he, and others of varying faiths, erected with a stipulation that it should not be owned by any particular church organization, but belong to the community and be available for the serves of all faiths. His son Joseph carried out his father’s intent by executing a deed which described the property as commonly know as “Mauck’s Meeting House,” and recited that “all orders of Christians and all worshippers of God’s preaching a moral doctrine and behaving decently, should be allowed to preach.” The deed did not mention any individual or corporate grantee. The building originally of hewn logs and having simple furnishing and quaint galleries, one for the whites and one for blacks. has at different times been weatherborded. reroofed with metal, and otherwise conserved by caretakers who are annually chosen by the Primitive Baptist Church, which is now the only church organization that has a building of its own in Hamburg. The lot fronts the Dixie Highway, and the property is deeply interesting to visitors because of the rare historic value and its symbolism of the outstanding religious tolerance during an era of ardent sectarianism. It is still opened occasionally for those who "behave decent.” Originally the churches used it in agreed rotation. Daniel and both of his wives are buried in the cemetery adjoining the Meeting House..
    Some say that Daniel's second wife was British, the daughter of a London. merchant who came to Virginia shortly before 1700. Mr. Baker was twice married and by his first wife had three children: Rebecca, Elizabeth, and Jacob. Following his second marriage he left the three children with friends and went south.'' Nothing more is known about him. Elizabeth Baker married John Koontz and had Jacob, John, Isaac, and Elizabeth. Jacob Baker married first a Miss Sturdy, by whom he had nine children; and second Mary Ann Wade Alder of Maryland, by whom he had twelve children. The will of Rebecca (Baker) Mauck was dated Jan. 5, 1805, and proved Mar. 1, 1805.

    Daniel Mauck came to Virginia from Pennsyvania to Virginia some time in the 1750's. He was German and he signed his name in German (Maag?) to his will, which was made October 6, 1802.

    In 1765, he purchased a tract of land containing 283 acres from Lord Fairfax in what was at that time Frederick County, Virginia, afterwards Shenandoah County, and since 1831 Page County This land is at Hamburg 3 miles west of Luray Virginia, and is owned by Leo David Brubaker and where he and his family reside.

    The old original deed, written on parchment, is in the possession of Philip M. Kauffman, a great-great grandson of Daniel Mauck, and is dated March 1, 1765. .

    March 29, 1786, Daniel Mauck purchased 86 acres of land from John Foontz and wife, Elizabeth, which was the same land purchased by John Koontz in 1776, from David Kauffman, a part of a tract of 270 acres from Martin Kauffman, and adjoined his tract of 283 acres from Lord Fairfax March 1, 1765.

    At what is now Rileyville, Page Co, Virginia, Daniel Mauck purchased 756 acres of land and some years after his death, which occurred in Jan. 1803, his heirs sold this land to Joshua Wood and others. Daniel Mauck was of the Primitive Baptist persuasion and from the Mill Creek church minutes of Sept. 19, 1801, "church meeting held at Brother Daniel Mock's house."

    The old church at Hamburg was erected by the neighbors on the land of Daniel Mauck and which house was commonly known and called by the name Mauck's Meeting House. The church minute of Jan. 16, 1802 reads: "Church meeting held at Mill Creek meeting house." This is the first minute in which we find they held services in Mill Creek meeting house.

    The will of Daniel Mauck is in the Clerk's Office at Woodstock, Shenandoah County, Virginia:

    In the name of God, Amen: I, Daniel Mauck of the State of Virginia, Shenandoah County, Mill Run Settlement (farmer) by the act of the Almighty God, am sick in body yet in perfect mind and memory, thanks be to God, am making and constituting this my last will and testament concerning my worldly property in the following manner, town':

    1st. I give and bequeath unto my beloved wife Rebecca the home place where I now live plantations stills and mills and all the profits arising there from for the use of herself and family of children which are under her as also half of the hay which is made on the plantations down the River which I bought from Banis and others during the full time and term of five years as also it is my will that the new house which at present is raised and in hands is to be finished and paid for by my estate or income within the five years for the use of my wife and children as aforesaid.

    2nd. And it is further my last will that after the expiration of the said five years I give and bequeath unto my son Joseph Mauck the said home place where I now live that is the lands I formerly held and that which I bought of John Koontz with all the mills and stills, house and buildings thereon and thereto belonging to have and to hold forever for the just sum of One Thousand pounds for which a part of it is to be paid to my daughters at the time which hereafter will more fully appear.

    3rd. And it is further my last will that all the plantations down the River which I bought from Joseph Banis, Ruth Whitsin, Williams and Clark and that which lies in the Blue Ridge is to be rented out upon the shares for the full time and term of five years for the purpose raising money together with all others income which is due me on Executions, Judgments, Bonds, Notes and any other income whatsoever for the use of paying of all my just debts, dues and demands and what money should be left after all my just debts is paid shall go to the other part of my estate and be ready for distribution.

    4th. And it is further my last will that after the expiration of said five years that all the above mentioned lands down the river is to be divided by three disinterested men of ability and judgment in that case into five plantations as may be most convenient and then separately valuation the oldest shall still have the privilege to the first choice and those that are most of the age of twenty one years shall choose their Guardian and he the said Guardian shall make choice for him and rent and conduct his business as a true and faithful Guardian until he comes of age provided always and with the exception that my son Abraham Mauck is to take his part of from the lower end of the said lands and that after an estimate being first made by said three men what the whole lands would be Virginia valued at and the price of Joseph's which is One Thousands pounds together with the whole amount of the personal estate and a division made which all shall be done at the same time then said three men shall lay off for son Abraham as much of said land as in value will amount to his portion in the division and no more, which said land shall be his to have and to hold forever and the other five by name David Mauck, Joseph Mauck, Robert Mauck, Daniel Mauck, and Jacob Mauck shall have reasonable time given them which time shall be appointed by said three men to pay up what their lands comes more in value than their portion and than they shall give bond each according to the amount of his land for the payment of his money to my daughters by name Catharine Mauck, Elizabeth Mauck, Maria Mauck, Barbara Mauck, and Anna Mauck by their maiden names and then the said land shall be theirs to have and to hold forever.

    5th. And it is further my will that my moveable estate shall be appraised and sold as is usually done and as the law directs and that all which any of my--- has had heretofore shall be counted in as a part of their portion.

    6th. Be it remembered that it is further my will that after the expiration of the above said 5 years there is no provision made for my wife Rebecca and that wherever she should make a demand of land or rent by way of dowry that one or more or if all whom ever it should fall on shall be favored in paying out money according to that encumbrance and so long until it be removed and no longer.

    7th. And it is further my will that my estate shall be divided equally between my above named eleven children.

    8th. And it is also my last will and I do hereby appoint my friend, John Roads and my son Joseph Mauck my sole executors in this my last will and testament revoking, disannulling and making void all former and confirming this and no other to be my last will and testament. In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal this sixth day of October in the year of our Lord Eighteen hundred and two, 1802.

    Daniel Mauck (Seal) (Signed in German)

    Signed, sealed, published, pronounced and declared by these presents, interlined the (word stills) before signed. Levi Keeran

    Joseph Strickler Abraham Spitler.

    In addition to this my last will and testament it is further my last will that my daughter Maria's portion to fall into her own hands or her heirs and not any part thereof into the hands of George Pence her present husband.

    As witness my hand and seal this second day of January in the year of our Lord Eighteen hundred and three, 1803.

    Daniel Mauck (Seal)

    (Signed in German)

    Signed, sealed and delivered in presence of us. Leri Keeran

    George Houseman John Bushnell.

    Will proved 10th day of January, 1803. Teste: P. Williams, C.S.C. Will is found in Will book No. F, folio 59,60, and 61, on records of Shenandoah County Court.

    Mauce-Brubaker Families of The Page Valley of -Virginia by Mary S. Brubaker, pp 1-4

    Mauck - Brubaker Genealogy by Miss Mary Brubaker. Page 6;
    Daniel Mauck married first Barbara Harnsberger circa 1762, Barbara died prior to 1777. by thls union the following five children were born;
    l Catherine first married Christian Beaver (No marriage found at this time) Second Isaac Strlckler, 11 Jul. 1897 Shenandoah Co., VA. Catherine Beaver, listed as widow.
    2. Abraham married Mary Beaver 29 Oct. 1789, by John Koonts Shenandoah Co., VA.
    3. Elizabeth married Abraham Pence 26 Jan 1791 daughter of Daniel (Abraham Bens to Elizabeth Moge - spellings on bond) Shenandoah Co., VA.
    4. Maria married George Pence 2 Nov 1790 daughter of Daniel.(George Bens to Mary Mooks - spelling on bond) Shenandoah County, VA.
    5. Barbara to John Brewbaker (Brubaker) 15 May 1799, bondsman Isaac Strickler.
    Daniel Mauck married second Rebecca Baker. (No marriage found at thls time). The Following six children were born to thls union;
    6. David Mauck - married Sarle Stroup 28 Dec 1800 Shenandoah Co., VA. (See Additional Information on History of John Koontz)
    7. Joseph Mauck to Elizabeth Whaley 23 Nov 1802 Shenandoah Co., VA.
    8. Robert Mauck married first Christina Ruffner, dau of Peter 29 Mar 1806 Shenandoah Co., VA. married second Esther Ruffner 7 Jan 1811, dau of Peter Shenandoah Co., Va.
    9. Anna Mauck married Jonas Ruffner 13 Jun 1803, Shenandoah Co., VA. his ward of Dan.
    10. Daniel Mauck married Mary Hite 8 Feb 1796, consent by Alex Hite. Shenandoah Co., VA.
    11 Jacob Mauck No data at this time)
    All marriage have been checked with information on Marriage Record from Shenandoah Co., VA.
    1783 Census showed Daniel Mauck in Shenandoah county, Virginia as head of house with ten (10) slaves.


    There is an old church house near Mill Creek, one mile west of Luray, Virginia, in the village of Hamburg. It was, as the deed saye, "Built by the neighbors for religious purposes, commonly called and known as Mauck's Meeting House". The "Neighbors" most of whom were Mennonites from Switzerland and Southern Germany, built it probably around 1770.
    It was constructed of large pine logs neatly dovetailed at the corners, whitewashed inside and out and roofed with chestnut shingles which was typical of most local construction at that time. The balconies were built inside, the outside covered with beaded weather boards, a central chimney built, and a tin roof put on at a later date. The pews are benches with pine board seats and back rests. The pulpit is a simple square box on a raised platform. The | building was heated in the winter by a large six plate stove made at the local iron furnace and inscribed "D 1 Pennabacker 1799".
    The early Mennonite ministers in the area were JOHN ROADS, MARTIN KAUFFMAN, DAVID KAUFFMAN, Michael Kauffman, Jacob Strickler, and Abraham Heiston.
    The first Baptist Church in Virginia was established in 1760 and because of their evangelical efforts Baptist: congregations soon appeared throughout western Virginia. The local Mennonites John Koontz, and MARTIN KAUFFMAN II became adherents of the Baptist Faith, although the change at that time was a change of name more than a change of principles or doctrine. So great was the effects of the Baptist preaching that the Mennonite Church in Pennsylvania became alarmed and sent an evangelical minister in the person of Peter Glossier to the South Shenandoah to counter the efforts of the Baptist. The turmoil in the church caused a number of the members to move to Licking and Fairfield County, Ohio between 1801 and 1809 and establish the Pleasant Run Church there.
    The existing minutes of the Baptist meetings held at the old church begin in 1798. There were several Baptist churches in the area at that time; the minutes show meetings held at Big Spring Meeting House, the Hawksbill Meeting House (located near Mundlesville) at the Mill Creek Meeting House and occasionally in the homes of the members.
    At a meeting held at Big Spring in 1809 this order was entered in the minutes - "By the request of the membere living about the Mill Creek Meeting House we agree to give them the full privilege to act in a church capacity as we have been at Big Spring."
    The first minutes at a church meeting held at Mill Creek Meeting House March 15, 1809, read - "After Divine service proceeded to business, Brother Isaac Strickler chosen clerk of the meeting house, Elder John Koontz chosen moderator, and after having obtained liberty to keep a book and do our own business in the future it is agreed that we shall be named a branch of Mill Creek Church."
    From 1809 to 1860 a number of Negro slaves were members of the congregation and also several designated in the minutes as a "free man of color". During this time, the minutes refer to the construction of a chimney, fencing the church lot, and repairing the windows and roof.
    In 1863 and 1864 during the war the minutes on several occasions read: "We were prevented from holding our regular meeting last month by reason of the Yankeys occupying the church house".
    The Baptist met at the old church usually only once a month until 1889, in later years holding services on both Saturday and Sunday.

    From: Page, The County Of Plenty by Page Co. Bicentennial Commission Copyright 1976, p 110.

    The Mill Creek Church (Mauck Meeting House)
    Hamburg, Page County, Virginia

    The following history of the Mill Creek Church, also known as the Mauck Meeting House, was compiled by Richard A. Pence, whose Pence ancestors were members of the Baptist Congregation of Elder John Koontz and had close ties with the Maucks, Elder Koontz and the Rev. Martin Coffman. Henry Pence, the patriarch of this family, had two sons who married daughters of Daniel Mauck, two who married daughters of Rev. Coffman, and his son Henry (Jr.) married as his first wife the daughter of Elder Koontz, who, church minutes show, after the death of his daughter, brought a complaint of "hanky-panky" against Hernry (Jr.) that resulted in the latter's excommunication in 1802. The extant minutes of Mill Creek Church, beginning in 1798, are being serialized in the Newsletter of the Genealogical Society of Page County, with the first installment in the Winter, 1998, issue. The following material will eventually be a part of a book being written on the "Hawskbill Pences," who lived about 1 mile east of Marksville in present-day Page County from about 1760 to 1820, by Mr. Pence. Posted with the permission of the author and Jake Mauck, whose history of the church is in Part I. Also included, in Part II, are excerpts from a letter receive by Mr. Pence from Harry A. Brunk, whose books are mentioned elsewhere in this compilation.
    If you have additional information on Mill Creek or new sources of information, please e-mail Richard Pence.
    Related Sites:
    Click here for a photo of the Old Mauck Meeting House.
    Click here for information on the Hawksbill Pence Families.
    Part I A History of the Mauck Meeting House
    Part II The Beginnings of Mill Creek
    Part III Elder John Koontz
    Part IV The Rev. Martin Kaufman (Coffman)
    Part V The Pleasant Run Congregation, Fairfield Co., Oh.
    Name List Alphabetical List of Names In This Article

    Mill Creek Church History

    Compiled by Richard A. Pence

    Mill Creek Church still stands at Hamburg, a few miles west of Luray, Va. It is now (and formerly) called the Mauck Meeting House and is maintained by the Page County Heritage Association. The author attended a service there on Sunday, Oct. 13, 1996, during a Mauck family reunion. A history of the church was presented by "Jake" Mauck, which is given below. This plaque is now at the church entrance:
    Mauck Meeting House

    Built for religious purposes by the "Neighbors," mainly Mennonites from Switzerland and southern Germany. The outside of the pine log walls were covered in 1851 with white weatherboards and the structure was roofed with chestnut shingles. A central heating chimney and tin roof were installed later. Heat was provided by a large six-plate stove made at the local iron furnace and inscribed "D. Pennebacker - 1799." Early Mennonite ministers were John Roads; Martin, David and Michael Kauffman; Jacob Strickler and Abraham Heiston. Early Baptist ministers were James Ireland and John Koontz. Mauck Meeting House was used by the Baptists from 1790 until 1899.

    Part I: A History of the Mauck Meeting House
    By J. Douglas (Jake) Mauck1
    The Pennsylvania Mennonites came to Virginia in 1726. The earliest date, and probably a reliable one, given for the first settlement of the Massanutten area of the Shenandoah Valley is 1726. Some of these early settlers may have been in the area shortly after Governor Spotswood's expedition in the area in 1716. One source of documentation for the 1726 date is Adam Miller's naturalization papers that show him to be a member of the settlement.
    The reasons for the Mennonites to move from Lancaster County, Pa., to Massanutten involved the availability and price of land. As to availability, the custom of dividing farmland among male descendants obviously could not be successfully pursued more than a generation or two before the land parcels were too small to support a family. In the 1730s, land in Lancaster County sold for 10 to 15 shillings per acre. Land was available in the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia for 2 to 4 shillings per acre. It was also possible to purchase as much as 10,000 acres of land while most of the Lancaster County land was available only in much smaller and separated parcels. By the 1740s, Lancaster land was selling for 25 to 30 shillings per acre. Therefore, a successful Mennonite farmer could sell his holdings in Pennsylvania and purchase a very large acreage in the Shenandoah Valley, either on speculation, or to improve and pass on to his heirs. It was the custom of the Mennonites to purchase land in widely separated areas rather than to cluster tightly together as if they wanted to separate themselves from other faiths and peoples. Most of the sources state that the first Mennonites in the Massanutten area were Swiss, although some German Mennonites were found among them, sharing the faith as well as the language.
    The first land speculator in the Massanutten area was Jacob Stover who bought two 5,000-acre tracts from the Virginia Colonial Council and undertook an obligation to move settlers to the area as a condition of the sales. Jacob Stover was a native of Switzerland who came to Virginia by way of Pennsylvania. Stover brought his first settlers to the South Fork of the Shenandoah in 1727. Jacob Stover is reported by the Page News and Courier of Luray, Va. (Sept 24, 1959 issue), to be a great-great-great grandfather of the late President Dwight David Eisenhower.
    The Mennonite Faith
    Although in modern times, it is popular to deny the founding of our nation on religious principles, these early settlers were deeply religious. Their strong family ties were the foundation of the community. Considering the threat of hostile Native Americans, the dependence upon the fruitfulness of the land, and the rugged living conditions, it is no wonder that the settlers needed a strong God and a strong faith to support them on the frontier. The common saying that there are no atheists in a foxhole can be modified to state that there probably were no atheists on the frontier either. The Mennonites were often called "Quakers" in early writings, a misnomer owed in part to the fact that their religion was quite similar to that of the Quakers, and probably in part because the Mennonites were "not like us" to other settlers in the area. Quakers, Mennonites and Baptists were considered to be "dissidents" to the members of the State religion and all of the "dissident" activities were limited by law in colonial times.
    The Mennonites, did not believe in warfare, sometimes not even in self-defense as noted in the massacre of the Rev. John Roads family near Luray in 1764. Rev. Roads, his wife and three sons were killed by Indians while two daughters and a son were taken captive. One daughter managed to escape with an infant sibling. The family apparently made no attempt to return fire or resist the Indians. The son was released after three years as a prisoner of the Indians who had killed his family.
    Many Mennonites, however, held that fighting in self-defense was permissible. In 1758, the entire white population of the Shenandoah Valley was driven out of the Valley by hostile Indians and had to stay out of the Valley for several months before it was safe to return and rebuild. When we find Daniel, Rudolph, Richard and Henry Mauk serving under Lt. John Allen in the French-Indian War of 1758, we may speculate that they were serving in a defensive role, owing to their probable Mennonite background.
    A Church is Built in 1740
    The Mennonites, as probably did other faiths, commonly held religious services in private homes. The reason for this practice was because of the sparse population, widely distributed, making a large gathering difficult to assemble. The weather was sometimes a factor that made travel difficult; while a lack of easy communication also played a part in making small meetings of close neighbors a more-liked form of worship. The Mennonite homes were sometimes built with movable partitions so that a larger area could be opened inside the residence for worship services with neighbors.
    By 1740, however, the larger community desired to build a meeting house large enough to hold a formal worship service that all could attend. It is quite likely that during the planning of the meeting house, it was agreed that the Mennonites would hold a "house raisin'" for the community as was done for young couples establishing a household. The logs would be cut and shaped in advance as the building materials were gathered and then a date selected for the raising of the structure. With the entire community participating, a building could be erected and nearly completed in one day. The women would prepare large, rich meals while the men did the heavy work of erecting the building. There would be a festive air about the proceedings as the adults worked socially together while the children ran and played. The event would be fondly remembered for years.
    Rudolph Mauck apparently owned the land that the meeting house stands upon until he sold it to Christian Maggart in 1754. As the meeting house did not occupy enough land to detract from the parcel it was located upon, it likely was ignored in land transactions under the common understanding that the meeting house belonged to the community.
    Regarding the date of the building of the church, there are several conflicting witnesses. After hearing (or reading) them all, I am persuaded by the reasoning of Harry Anthony Brunk (3). Brunk reasons that had the meeting house been built ca. 1797, as some would have it, on Daniel Mauck's land, Daniel himself would have dealt with the church in his will, written only about five years later. There is also a probability that the building of the structure would have been noted in church records that began about that time. Brunk also points to the fact that writings of the first decade 1800s refer to the meeting house as an "old" one, indicating that the church was much more than ten years old. Brunk further reasons that unsettled times between the 1840s and the Revolution would not have allowed for the building of a new structure of this type, but that the "prosperous years of the early settlement" or 1730-1740 would have been a reasonable time for such an undertaking. Brunk believes that the building stands on land acquired by Daniel Mauck from Lord Fairfax in 1764, and that the meeting house was already existent when Daniel purchased the land.
    It is said in many references that Daniel Mauck built the Mill Creek or Mauck Meeting House, but records show that Daniel Mauck was born ca. 1740, about the same time the meeting house was erected. It is more likely that Daniel Mauck, after acquiring the 270 acres of land that included the church from John and Elizabeth Koontz in 1786, caused the church to be rebuilt and refurbished as a "union church" for the community in about 1797, and thereby had his name attached to the building.
    Mill Creek Church Rebuilt ca. 1797
    Harry Anthony Brunk, in his history, reports that a congregation that called itself The Mill Creek Baptist Church organized in 1797 and began by restoring the old building. The log walls were covered with weatherboard, a new ceiling was added, and a metal roof was installed. As Daniel Mauck owned the land that the church was standing upon, and as Daniel was at that time a "Primitive Baptist," it is probable that Daniel Mauck led the efforts to restore the building and thereby had his name associated with the Mauck Meeting House. There is some question whether the balconies were added at the time of the restoration. Some argue that as the Mennonites did not own slaves, and as none were in the neighborhood at the original construction, that the balconies were-not needed. The Baptists, on the other hand, may have recognized the presence of slaves in the neighborhood by 1797 and provided space for them by building the balconies. Church records show that slaves and free blacks were baptized into membership of the Baptist Church. Other sources hold that the balconies were a part of the original structure for added seating.
    Newspaper sources indicate that the Mauck Meeting House was renovated sometime after 1959 when the weatherboards were removed and the log walls were restored. In 1922, the Hamburg community began an annual event in the meeting house that they called "Old Folks Sings." The songbook used was "The New Harmonia Sacra," first published in 1832 as "Genuine Church Music" by Joseph Funk. The singing event name was changed to "The Harmonica Sacra Sing" in 1952 to attract young people to participate. The 1952 sing was the first of several "sings" held as fund-raisers to restore and maintain the historic building.
    Now, and probably for all time to come, with the help of the builder's descendants, and others in the community, the Mauck Meeting House, known in other times as "The Hamburg Church" and "The Mill Creek Church" will live on, to keep us mindful of those faithful and hardy pioneers who one day, long, long ago, had a really good time in the building of it.
    Daniel's son Joseph conveyed two tracts of land to John Brubaker in 1811 and excepted the "one acre and twelve square perches" of land that the church stood upon, saying that the church was "built by neighbors for religious purposes." Before that transaction, however, in 1807, Joseph actually deeded the "small lot of land that the house stands on" to the public, stating: "...the friends of religion and good order, did by Subscription build a house of worship on the land of Joseph Mauck of said County which house is commonly known and called by the name of Maucks Meeting House...." The deed was not recorded until 1818. The "Subscription" idea supports the "house-raisin'" hypothesis.
    The White House Church
    Another church was built, west of Luray, Va., on the Shenandoah River that has caused some confusion in that it was also known at times as The Mill Creek Church. It was built in 1760 by Martin Kauffman, Jr., as a Mennonite Church. The structure contained a fortified basement, probably because of the Indian attacks of 1758 which had driven the settlers out of the valley. The name White House Church came from the White House Bend of the Shenandoah River. The church was known as the Mill Creek Church at a time when it was associated with the Mill Creek Church at Hamburg. That associated naming has caused casual readers to confuse one church with the other.
    The Baptist Invasion
    In 1770, Elder John Koontz, a Baptist preacher from Front Royal, Va., came to Massanutten and began to preach the Baptist creed. Actually, there was Little difference btween the Mennonite religion and that practiced by the "Old School" or "Primitive" Baptist creed taught by John Koontz. The Mennonites baptized by sprinkling while the Baptists baptized by immersion. Both religions were very strict in moral conduct, so the conversion amounted to more one of name than anything else. One unusual aspect of John Koontz personality was that he considered himself to be a direct descendant of the original John the Baptist.
    One may only speculate about why the Mennonites converted to the Baptist creed, but by the end of the 18th century, there were very few, if any, Mennonites in the Massanutten community. John Koontz did receive some rough treatment at the beginning of his ministry at Massanutten, as he was severely beaten on more than one occasion by "roughnecks" in the neighborhood.
    When John Koontz came to Massanutten, Martin Kauffman, Jr., was one of his first converts, giving Rev. Koontz access to The White House Church. Members of that congregation who did not convert immediately went to the Mill Creek Church at Hamburg until members there also decided to convert to the Baptist creed.

    Part II: The Beginnings of Mill Creek
    Letter From Harry Anthony Brunk2
    We have written two books on The History of the Mennonites of Virginia, Vol. I, 1727-1900 and Vol. II, 1900-1960. There are references in these books to the Mill Creek Church. We think the meeting house was built under the auspices of the Mennonites in the early pro--- years of the Page settlement. The date that P. M. Kaufman gives for the building of the Church is 1780. The church was likely built on the lands of Lord Fairfax, who gave land for the building of churches. Then in 1764 Daniel Mauck bought the land on which the church stood. Mauck, as I recall, made his will in 1802 shortly before his death and in it he says nothing about the church. If the church had been built about 1800, as some think, he certainly would have mentioned it in his will. Another argument for the antiquity of the building is a statement by Semple in his underlying history of the Baptist Church, published in 1810. He spoke of Mill Creek as an old church. Dory Bouserman of Luray dates the building of the building in 1770--shortly before the outbreak of the Revolution. That was a time of Church trouble. The Baptists' leading elder Koontz had come into the area. They were more active than the Mennonites and a number of Mennonites joined the Baptist Church. One was Martin Kauffman, Jr. Soon after the Baptist revival in Page County, preparations were being made for war, should there be one[;] protective societies were formed. The Mennonites could not contribute to them. Martin Kauffman Jr. found himself in a church that favored war - he could not go along. The Baptists thought Kauffman should stay in the church if the Baptists accepted him, even if he was opposed to war. He (Kauffman) should be big enough to stay in the Baptist Church since they would tolerate him, etc., and he tolerate them. No - Martin could not do it. He withdrew from the Baptist Church, and began preaching in his own home--at the White House, still standing on the banks of the Shenandoah River. Martin had quite a following--say as many as 60 members at one time. The movement depended largely on Kauffman - many of his members moved to Fairfax [Fairfield] County, Ohio, after the war and I think Martin went in 1804 - not sure of the date.3 War or church division worked against the Mennonites in the area. Many of them left the community. Some joined the Baptist Church and Koontz and the Baptists took over at Mill Creek. You are likely right in thinking that Elder Koontz performed many of the marriages in the Pence family and some could have been performed in Mill Creek Meeting House. I failed to mention that Joseph Mauck gave a deed for the church in settling the estate of his father in 1811. Deed recorded in Shenandoah County. I think.... I have seen and read some of the minutes of the Mill Creek Church. As I recall, they began about 1798 - about the time that the Baptists had full possession of the church. The church was reconditioned about that time, we think. The logs were covered with weatherboards, new ceiling and gallerys for the slave members were built in and a new roof was put on the building. As I recall one minute of the book had to do with members of Martin Kauffman's church. It was decided that 'orderly members' of the Kauffman group might be accepted as members of the church. Where are these records? They must be in existence, but at this writing I can't say where they are.

    Part III: Elder John Koontz
    Excepts From Book by B. C. Hotlzclaw4
    The following account of John Koontz's long career as a Baptist minister is gathered from [Robert Baylor] Semple's History of the Rise and Progress of the Baptists in Virginia, published in 1810 (pp. 184-189), from [C. W.] Beale's revised account of Semple's history (pp. 242-247), from [Garnett] Ryland's The Baptists of Virginia (pp. 55, 56 and 58), from the minutes of the Mill Creek Church (preserved in the library of the Virginia Baptist Historical Society) and from other records.
    John Koontz [son of Johannes Kuntz and Anna Elizabeth Catherine Stoever; she was the daughter of John Casper Stoever, the noted Lutheran minister in both Pennsylvania and Virginia; p. 105], living in Frederick County near Front Royal, was touched by the message of the early Baptist preachers, and went over to Fauquier County, where he was baptized on a profession of his faith in December, 1768. He immediately began preaching, with considerable effect, near his home, but in November of 1770, he travelled up the Shenandoah to the neighborhood of Mill Creek, where his brother George lived, and began preaching there. The people in this section were of both English and German extraction, and Mr. Koontz preached eloquently in both languages. There were many converts from his preaching, but they were baptized by the Rev. Lewis Craig, as Koontz had not yet been ordained. Among the first converts was Martin Kaufman, who also preached in both German and English to good effect. For several years, Mr. Koontz continued to live near what is now Front Royal, but he made frequent visits to Mill Creek. During this time the church was organized there in 1772, Martin Kaufman and another minister, Anderson Moffett, doing much of the preaching when Koontz was not present. During this time, probably, Mr. Koontz was ordained a minister, or Elder, as the early Baptists called the office. In 1774 or 1775, he settled in the Mill Creek neighborhood and became the pastor of the church there, a position which he continued to hold for 50 years.
    Like practically all the early Baptist preachers, Elder Koontz traveled about a great deal, preaching, his companion frequently being Martin Kaufman, and he suffered considerable opposition as well as actual persecution in the early years. Many of the German converts to his preaching had been Mennonites, and the German Mennonites from Pennsylvania sent down several preachers of their faith to oppose Elder Koontz, but they had Little success. The more unruly elements of the population opposed him more brutally. On one occasion he was going to preach in a neighborhood, but before he got there, was seized on the road by a mob and was severely beaten. At another place, after preaching, he was forbidden to preach there again by ruffians, and his persisting in returning, was badly beaten again. On another occasion, Koontz and Kaufman were on a preaching tour and heard the mob approaching while they were guests in a house. Koontz managed to slip away, but poor Martin Kaufman was seized and brutally beaten in mistake for him. Again, later on he was seized by a mob and threatened with imprisonment for unauthorized preaching (a fate which befell many early Baptist preachers); but the Elder stoutly maintained that he was a man of God and that they were fighting against God with their threats, whereat they relented and released him. Mr. Semple says that this was the last violent attack made on him.
    We have mentioned that many of Mr. Koontz's converts had been reared as Mennonites. The Mennonite ministers from Pennsylvania contended that "Christians ought not to hold with going to war, with slavery, or with taking legal oaths; that these were fundamental points. Koontz replied that Baptists, upon these points, left every man at discretion, wishing each to follow the dictates of his conscience." Many of the members of his church at Mill Creek served in the Revolutionary War. However, a good many of them still held to these Mennonite principles, including Koontz's old companion, Martin Kaufman. These members withdrew and formed a new Baptist Church under Kaufman's leadership, opposed to war, slavery and oath, and finally moved to Ohio. However, this group was a minority, and Mill Creek Church continued to flourish under Elder Koontz's ministry. The minutes show that he was very active and always attended the associational meetings up to extreme old age. Finally, on March 13, 1824, "Elder John Koontz resigned the pastorate, due to extreme age and infirmity." He was 85 years of age at the time. The difficulty about securing a new pastor, however, and "Father Koontz" still acted as Moderator of many of the business sessions of the church up to nearly the time of his death.
    At the July Court, 1785, John Counce, a Baptist minister, was licensed to perform marriages.5 In 1783 he is shown in Shenandoah County with seven in his family. On 14 June 1806 John Koontz Sr. and Elizabeth, his wife, deeded 134 acres of land to his son, Isaac Koontz.6 The bulk of this, 127 acres, is described as being on the branches of the Hawksbill Creek and was bought from Lewis Bibler and Mary, his wife.7 The land adjoined that of Emanuel Ruffner, which once was part of several large grants made to John Lionberger. Holtzclaw says (p. 111) that this was the "home place" of Elder Koontz, "which his son Isaac occupied until his death, still owned by descendants, on which the family burying ground containing Elder Koontz's grave is located."8 The will of John Koontz of Shenandoah County, dated March 14, 1807, and probated in Page County, Va., May 28, 1832, mentions his wife, Elizabeth; three sons, Jacob, John and Isaac; and daughter Elizabeth, deceased.9
    The Shenandoah County deeds show him as follows: (1) Oct. 1776, David Coffman and Dorothy, his wife, of Dunmore County, to John Countz of same, 86 acres on the east side of the south fork of the Shenandoah River;10 (2) 24 Mar. 1784, Christian Bumgarner to John Countz 2 acres;11 (3) 29 Mar. 1786, John Koontz to Danial Mauck 86 acres sold him by Coffman; deed acknowledged by Elizabeth, wife of John Koontz;12 (4) 1 Aug. 1786, Lewis Bibler and Barbary his wife to John Koontz, 127 acres;13 (5) 13 Oct. 1800, Martin Coffman and Mary his wife to John Koontz, 7 acres.14

    Part IV: The Rev. Martin Kaufman (Coffman)
    Excerpt From a Book by Charles F. Kaufman15
    Martin Kaufman (-1805) [he was the son of Martin Kaufman of Lancaster County, Pa., and his wife, Barbara (?) Stauffer (Stover)] md. Mary Lionberger ( ) dau of John Lienberger; md. 2 to Mary Taylor, dau. of John Taylor, alias Snyder (his second wife died April 27, 1820). One Hans Schneider, alias Taylor, settled in Lancaster County, Pa., 1718. Died 1745, wife Feronica, who then married Peter Good. Issue: John; Barbara md. Joseph Brown; Feronica, Elizabeth and Mary. The three last, minors in 1745.
    May 6, 1760, Lord Fairfax granted 240 acres of land to Martin Coffman. This land was in Frederick County, Va., adjoining land Martin Coffman already had. It was on easterly side of South River of Shenandoah, adjoining lands of Jacob Burner, Christian Herzberger, and Christian Maggert. See Va. Patent Book O, p. 140. Fairfax required an annual payment of one shilling per 50 acres. This 240-acre tract adjoined the 300-acre tract gotten by his father in 1736 of Ludowick Stone and totaled 540 acres. Nov. 21, 1770, for the sum of 5 shillings he and his wife Mary deeded 270 acres or half to his brother David Kaufman.
    Sep. 13, 1771, Lewis Pence, executor of John Lienberger, deceased owner of 1100 acres on the Little Hawkbill River in Frederick County, Va., deeded to Mary Coffman, wife of Martin Coffman and one of the daughters of John Lienberger 192 acres.
    Martin Kaufman was commonly known as Whitehouse Martin Kaufman to distinguish him from Hawkbill Martin Kaufman. He was a preacher associated with Rev. John Kountz. When the Primitive Baptist Church was organized at "Whitehouse" in 1770, Martin Kaufman and many who were of Mennonite ancestry, and still maintained it was wrong to take up arms joined religious forces. However, when the Revolution came on, the church became divided. One faction followed Rev. John Kountz holding services at Kountz's home. The other meeting at the Whitehouse under Martin Kaufman as their pastor.
    An echo of this religious difference as well as a bit of local history of the section may be gleaned from the will of Philadelphia Woodman dated Dec. 31, 1787, Massanuttam, Shenandoah County, Va. To Martin Coffman, Sr., 5 pounds; my walnut chest to Martin Coffman, son of Martin; my cow to David Coffman, son of Martin; my sheep to Peter Coffman; my big Bible to Anna Bungerman; my other books to Martin Coffman; a fine apron and handkerchief to Martin Coffman's daughters, Mary and Magdalen; 50 lbs. of hemp to Mary Bence [probably the wife of Henry]; 100 lbs. of hemp to Mary Bellows [quite likely the mother of Elizabeth, who married Adam Pence, the son of Adam]; to Mary Coffman 20 yds. of linen and 10 yds. of lindsey; to Amelia Boon one white silk handkerchief; to Bartlet Bennette if he comes back from Caintuck [Kentucky] 5 pounds. The rest of her property to be sold and the proceeds divided: 1/2 of the money to Martin Coffman's church to relieve the poor. 1/2 to John Koonz's church to relieve the poor. Her executors were David and Martin Coffman. The witnesses were John Coffman and Ann Bongerman.16
    Martin Kaufman's will was witnessed by Abraham Strickler and David Beaver. His executor was John Roads. His will says that sons Martin and Peter had already gotten their legacies. That son John was to hold the home place until Joseph, Benjamin and Isaac were 21. Son David was to get the Hawkbill tract of 192 acres coming from the Lionbergers. Joseph was to get home place but pay his sisters Maria [married Jacob Pence, son of Henry (Sr.)], Magdalena [married Joseph Pence, son of Henry], Anna and Christina.

    Part V: The Pleasant Run Congregation
    Excert From a Book by Hervey Scott18
    Alfred Mesnard has kindly furnished me the original and continuous books of record of the Pleasant Run Regular Baptist Church, of which he is the present Secretary. It will be seen by the following extract from the first page, that the church was first constituted in the year 1806:

    April the 19th, 1806, then met according to appointment and opened our meeting with prayer and praise. Second - proceeded to business, with. choosing our Moderator, Martin Coffman.19 Third - we also chose Samuel Comer for our Clerk; so ending our meeting with praise and thanksgiving.
    Martin Coffman, Moderator.

    Samuel Comer, Clerk.

    Then follows the minutes of succeeding business meetings, occurring in May, June, July, August, September, October, and so on, at which Lewis Sites acted mostly as Moderator, and Samuel Comer as Clerk, with occasionally Martin Coffman as Moderator, on up to August, 1809, at which time the church had a membership of ninety, whose names here follow precisely in the order of the record. Rev. Lewis Sites [Sietz], Sr., was the first pastor of the Pleasant Run Church. The names of the members are copied literally as they stand on the twenty-first page of the first church book of records, which leaves it difficult to understand why the interruption occurs at the number 50:
    Names of the Members of Pleasant Run Church:
    1 Wm. Hopwood.22 Ann Hite.44 Emanuel Ruffner.
    2 Abraham Hite.23 Christian Hover.45 Ann Spitler.
    3 Magdalen Ruffner.24 Susan Musselman.46 Jacob Spitler.
    4 Elizabeth Warner.25 Barbary Hite.47 Timothy Collins.
    5 Adam Giger.26 Samuel Comer.48 Phoebe Collins.
    6 Mary Giger.27 Elizabeth Comer.49 Barbary Beaver.
    7 Magdalen Giger.28 Sister Hannah.50 Magdalen Taylor.
    8 Conrod Hite.29 Sister Bibler.Joseph Stider [Stouder).
    9 Aaron Powel.30 Christian Cagy.John Moorhead.
    10 Sister Powel.31 Mary Cagy.Christian Coffman.
    11 Martin Coffman.32 John Hite.James Owens.
    12 Ann Coffman.34 Sister Cussman.79 Mary Coffman.
    13 Magdalen Wise.35 Jacob Bibler.80 Smith Goodens.
    14 Ann Miller.36 Jacob Bibler, Jr.Aaron Ashbrook.
    15 Elizabeth Histand.37 Caty Bibler.Eli Ashbrook.
    16 Frank [Francis] Bibler.38 David Bibler.Caty Asbbrook.
    17 Mary Bibler.2039 John Bibler.81 Neely Bibler.
    18 Audrew Hite.40 Barbary Bibler.82 Magdalane Spitler.
    19 Ann Hite.41 Lewis Sites.83 Magdalane Hite.
    20 Samuel Hite.42 Ann Sites.
    21 John Hite.43 Christiana Woolf.
    Baptised since our last:
    51 George White.61 Abraham Bibler.71 Sister Brumlang.
    52 Jacob Spitler.62 Sister Keller.72 -
    53 Susan Spitler.63 Cissa Miller.73 Mary Bibler.
    54 Jacob Musselman.64 Joseph Hite.74 Jacob Bibler.
    55 Peter Spitler.65 James Davis.75 Barbary Bibler.
    56 John Hite.66 Thomas Warner.76 -
    57 Betsy Bibler.67 Susanna Spitler.-
    58 Mady Hoopwood.68 Ann Histand.
    59 Abraham Hite.69 Cissy Studer [Stouder].
    60 John Bibler.70 Jacob Studer [Stouder].
    The omission of number 33 in the list, reduces the number to 89, by supplying the numbers 72, 76, 77 and 78 with names, which we are allowed to think were not remembered. The record literally quoted, is a relic as well as history, and on that account valuable.
    So far as is known, not one of the above persons is living today. Pleasant Run Church is a living church at this time, with a few less than one hundred members. The congregation has continued its place of worship from the first, viz.: in April, 1806, up to the present spring of 1877, on the same spot where it began, which is a short distance north of Strickler's Crossroads, in the northeast corner of Pleasant Township. They have a commodious church edifice, sometimes spoken of as Strickler's Church, and sometimes as the Baptist Church, though the title they assume is that of the Pleasant Run Church.
    It is a melancholy thought, that the ninety persons once composing that body, so full of life, and love, and Christian zeal, and filling their places in all of life's affairs, are no more. Their voices are all silent, and their forms have disappeared. They have passed to their reward in the better land. The present pastors of the church are: Revs. Schofield and Barker.

    Notes and Sources
    1. Presented 13 Oct. 1996 at the Mauck/Mock Family Historian Worship Service at Hamburg, Va. Mr. Mauck is a descendant of Daniel Mauch, two of whose daughters married sons of Henry Pence (Sr.). Our thanks to Jake for permission to print this history. These sources were cited by Mr. Mauck for his presentation:

    1.Harry M. Strickler, Massanutten, Settled by the Pennsylvania Pilgrim, 1726 (The First White Settlement in the Shenandoah Valley) (Knightstown, Ind.: The Bookmark, reprinted 1979).
    2.Harry Anthony Brunk, History of the Mennonites in Virsginia, 1727-1900, Vol I (Saunton, Va.: McClure Printing Company, 1959).
    3.Page News and Courier, Luray, Va., Thursday, Sep. 24, 1959 and Aug. 8, 1957.
    4.Daily News-Record, Harrisonburg, Va., Saturday, Aug. 5, 1972: 8.
    5.Mennonite Year Book and Almanac For The Year Of Our Lord 1911 (Quakertown, Pa.: Published by the Eastern Mennonite Conference), 18.
    6.Richard K. MacMaster, Land, Piety, Peoplehood: The Establishment of Mennonite Communities in America, 1683-1790 (Kitchener, Ont.: Scottdale, Pa.: Herald Press, 1985).

    2. From a letter to the author from Mr. Brunk, Harrisonburg, Va., 15 July 1977. At that time, Mr. Brunk was one of the officials of the Mennonite congregation that maintained the Mill Church. He was also associate professor of history at Eastern Mennonite College at Harrisonburg.
    3. This Martin died about then in Shenandoah Co.; it was his son, also Martin, who went to Fairfield Co.
    4. B. C. Holtzclaw, Ancestry and Descendants of the Nassau-Siegen Immigrants to Virginia, 1714-1750, Chapter 6, "The Coons-Koontz Family," 109-11
    5. Shenandoah Co., Va., Order Book, 1784-1786, 233.
    6. Shen. Co. Deed Book P, 201.
    7. Shen. Co. DB F, 31 Aug. 1786, 239.
    8. Strickler, op. cit., 281 and 371-372.
    9. Page Co. WB A, p. 26-27.
    10. Shen. Co. DB B, 426.
    11. Shen. Co. DB E, 49.
    12. Shen. Co. DB F, 16.
    13. Shen. Co. DB F, 239.
    14. Shen Co. DB H, 271.
    15. Charles F. Kaufman, A Genealogy and History of the Kaufman-Coffman Families :York, Pa.: 1940), 516-517.
    16. Philadelphia Woodman's will was proved 31 Jan. 1788 (Shen. Co. WB B, 421); no reference to the name Woodman can be found in the Shenandoah County deed books from 1772-1820 or in the marriage records up to 1850, so the identify of this woman with close ties to the Mill Creek families cannot be determined.
    17. Shen. Co. WB F, 324, written 5 Feb. 1805, proved 9 Apr. 1805; the will also says his wife, Maria, is to get Taylor's place.
    18. Hervey Scott, Complete History of Fairfield County, Ohio, (Columbus: Siebert and Lilley, 1877), 129-131.
    19. This was apparently the son of Rev. Martin Coffman.
    20. She was the daughter of Adam Pence (Sr.) and the wife of Francis (Frank) Bibler.

    Alphabetical List of Names in This Article
    Allen, John (Lt.)Davis, JamesMiller, Cissa
    Ashbrook, AaronEisenhower, Dwight DavidMoffett, Anderson (Rev.)
    Asbrook, CatyGiger, AdamMusselman, Susan
    Ashbrook, EliFunk, JosephMoorhead, John
    Barker, _____ (Rev.)Giger, MagdalenMusselman, Jacob
    Beale, C. W.Giger, MaryOwens, James
    Beaver, BarbaryGood, Feronica (_____) (Schneider)Pence, Adam
    Beaver, DavidGood, PeterPence, Henry
    Bellows, MaryGoodens, SmithPence, Jacob
    Bence, MaryHannah, SisterPence, Joseph
    Bennette, BartletHeiston, AbrahamPence, Lewis
    Bibler, AbrahamHerzberger, ChristianPence, Magdalena (Coffman)
    Bibler, BarbaryHistand, ElizabethPence, Maria (Coffman)
    Bibler, Barbary (_____)Histand, MartinPennebacker, D.
    Bibler, BetsyHite, AbrahamPowel, Aaron
    Bibler, CathyHite, AnnPowel, Sister
    Bibler, DavidHite, AudrewRoads, John
    Bibler, FrancisHite, BarbaryRoads, John (Rev.)
    Bibler, FrankHite, ConrodRuffner, Emanuel
    Bibler, JacobHite, JohnRuffner, Magdalen
    Bibler, Jacob (Jr.)Hite, JosephRyland, Garnett
    Bibler, JohnHite, MagdalaneSchneider, Barbara
    Bibler, LewisHite, SamuelSchneider, Elizabeth
    Bibler, MaryHoltzclaw, B. C.Schneider, Feronica
    Bibler, Mary (_____)Hoopwood, MadySchneider, Hans
    Bibler, NeelyHopwood, WilliamSchneider, John
    Bibler, SisterHover, ChristianSchneider, Mary
    Bongerman, AnnaIreland, JamesSchofield, _____ (Rev.)
    Boon, AmeliaKauffman, DavidSemple, Robert Baylor
    Bouserman, DoryKauffman, MartinSites, Ann
    Brown, Barbara (Schneider)Kauffman, Martin (Jr.)Sites, Lewis
    Brown, JosephKauffman, Martin (Rev.)Snyder, John
    Brubaker, JohnKauffman, MichaelSpitler, Ann
    Brumlang, SisterKaufman, Barbara (Stauffer)Spitler, Jacob
    Brunk, Harry A.Kaufman, Barbara (Stover)Spitler, Magdalane
    Harry AnthonyKaufman, BenjaminSpitler, Peter
    Bumgarner, ChristianKaufman, DavidSpitler, Susan
    Bungerman, AnnaKaufman, IsaacSpitler, Susanna
    Cagy, ChristianKaufman, Martin (Jr.)Stauffer, Barbara
    Cagy, MaryKaufman, Martin (Rev.)Stider, Joseph
    Coffman, AnnKaufman, Mary (Lionberger)Stone, Ludowick
    Coffman, AnnaKaufman, Mary (Taylor)Stouder, Cissy
    Coffman, ChristianKaufman, P. M.Stouder, Jacob
    Coffman, ChristinaKeller, SisterStouder, Joseph
    Coffman, DavidKoontz, Elizabeth (Baker)Stover. Anna Elizabeth Cath.
    Coffman, Dorothy (_____)Koontz, GeorgeStover, Barbara
    Coffman, JohnKoontz, IsaacStover, Jacob
    Coffman, JosephKoonrz, John (Elder)Stover, John Casper
    Coffman, MagdalenKountz, John (Elder)Strickler, Abraham
    Coffman, MagdalenaKuntz, JohannesStrickler, Jacob
    Coffman, MariaLienberger, JohnStuder, Cissy
    Coffman, MartinLionberger, JohnStuder, Jacob
    Coffman, Martin (Rev.)Lionberger, MaryTaylor, Hans
    Coffman, MaryMaggart, ChristianTaylor, John
    Coffman, Mary (_____)Mauck, DanielTaylor, Magdalen
    Coffman, Mary (Lionberger)Mauck, HenryTaylor, Mary
    Coffman, PeterMauck, J. Douglas (Jake)Warner, Elizabeth
    Collins, PhoebeMauck, JosephWarner, Thomas
    Collins, TimothyMauck, RichardWhite, George
    Comer, ElizabethMauck, RudolphWise, Magdalen
    Comer, SamuelMesnard, AlfredWoodman, Philadelphia
    Craig, Lewis (Rev.)Miller, AaronWoolf, Christiana
    Cussman, SisterMiller, Ann

    This was written and is about by Daniel L. Mauck married to Mary Polly Rothgeb

    Golden Wedding about 1889

    On Thursday, August 29th, a large number of relatives and friends responded to the invitations extended by Mr. and Mrs. Daniel Mauck to attend the celebration of their fiftieth anniversary. Out of the two hundred invited one hundred and twenty-five were able to be with and heartily congratulate Uncle Daniel and Aunt Polly on this extraordinary occasion. Among the number present was Rev. W. J. Fulton, who sat at the head of the center table opposite the aged bride and groom, and returned thanks in a very expressive manner, and immediately the forty persons seated at the dining tables were promptly served to a delicious repast, such as is always expected at their hospitable home. By two o’clock all had dined sumptuously, and the entire company retired to the lawn facing the front entrance to the verandah, upon which Mr. Mauck stood and read a biographical sketch, followed by Mrs. Mauck reading a poem of her own composition, both of which were a complete surprise to their children and the number assembled.

    Rev. W. J. Fulton was called upon and made very appropriate remarks, eulogizing in an affecting manner the elderly couple and praising their children for following so closely the examples of their parents in becoming noble men and women.

    Judge Logue spoke feelingly of his long and happy acquaintance with the host and hostess, and of the useful and happy lives they had lived.

    Mrs. C. L. Guthrie then addressed Mrs. Mauck in a poem, which she had composed, for a presentation of a handsome present of a silver tea set, given by the Matron’s club, of which Mrs. M. is a prominent member.

    Wm. Symmes, Esq., then took the floor, and after speaking in his usual humorous way of his boyhood experiences and amusing events and customs in his early days, he was requested to don the wedding coat of the groom and in that way exhibit it to the company, who burst into laughter, as it was swallow-tail in style and made of handsome navy-blue broadcloth, trimmed in brass buttons.

    This closed the addresses and all joined in singing the Doxology, and again were busy conversing and enjoying themselves.

    Although the cards of invitation bore the words, "Presents not Desired", the nephews and nieces, known as the Mauck cousins, very happily surprised their Uncle and Aunt, giving them as twenty dollar gold piece to be expended for something to be kept as a token of their love and high esteem.

    Miss Bethesana Wood, of Rio Grande, gave to Uncle Daniel and elegant gold pencil, and Mrs. P. Hugg, of Middleport, presented Aunt Polly with a handsome black satin hand-painted fan. Mr. and Mrs. Ellsha Scott expressed their good wishes by giving them a very beautiful glass fruit dish. From their own children and grandchildren Mr. Mauck received an elegant gold-beaded cane, bearing the inscription, "Daniel Mauck 1839-1889," plain gold collar and sleeve buttons, and Mrs. Mauck a heavily gold mounted umbrella and solid English wedding ring, and to both they gave a group, consisting of nine spaces cabinet size containing portraits of the parents and grandparents. They also gave them a guest book, with gold binding and letters, in which each guest recorded his name, and the book will always be treasured as a souvenir of the joyous and successful celebration.

    At the request of many friends we append the following sketch and poem:

    Just fifty years ago,
    In eighteen hundred and thirty-nine,
    Many long, long years ago,
    The day was clear and fine.

    When we were married and started
    In our wedded life together,
    Traveled on and never halted,
    And now we are happy as ever.

    Sometimes sunshine, sometimes sorrow,
    We had to march through,
    Worded and toiled so many years,
    And God hath blessed us too.

    Enough to eat, enough to wear,
    Him we ever tried to serve,
    He gave to us ten children dear-
    Eight of them we reared.

    They to man and womanhood had grown,
    Then they loved and married too,
    Left our home and sought their own,
    And are traveling onward too.

    One dear one is with us yet,
    Of our ten in number,
    God hath blessed us, we’ll not forget-
    Him we’ll always remember.

    Three have gone to the spirit and,
    Resting in their silent slumber,
    They have joined the heavenly hand,
    That makes our ten in number.

    God hath blessed us many years,
    We thank Him for this wedding day,
    To have our friends and children dear
    To meet us in this way.

    If on earth we meet no more,
    May we meet in Heaven above,
    On that bright and happy abore,
    Where all is peace and love.

    A short biographical sketch of the lives of Daniel and Mary Mauck, their parents, brothers and sisters, and their own family:

    The grandparents of Daniel Mauck were Daniel and Rebeckah Mauck. My grandparents moved from Pennsylvania to Page county, VA., at an early age. He was a farmer and miller. At his mill he ground wheat, corn and rye for his neighbors. He also made merchantable flour for the Fredericksburg and Alexandria markets. My grandparents were Germans. My grandfather kept his accounts in the German language. My grandparents died at their home in Page county at a good old age in about the year 1800. My father was born Dec. 2, 1780. When he was fifteen years of age he went into his father’s mill to learn the art of milling. After grandfather’s death my father became the owner of the mill.
    Nov. 23, 1802, my father, Joseph Mauck, married Elizabeth Whaley. My mother was from Northumberland county, VA., near Norfolk. In 1809 my father made a trip on horseback to the interior of Ohio. In 1810 he sold his mill, and with his family moved to Ohio. They then had four children. They crossed the Ohio river at Wheeling, and stopped in Miami county, this State, within four miles of Urbana. He raised a crop of corn there in the summer of 1810. My father made two or three trips to Cincinnati during the season, and decided that he would settle permanently on the Miami river, within fifteen or twenty miles of Cincinnati. In the spring of 1811, the Indian war had commenced. The Indians came within twenty miles of my father’s home and murdered some white people. The neighbors became excited, called a meeting of the citizens and decided that it was not safe to live on their farms. They concluded to build a fort and move their families into it. My father concluded that he would rather not move his family into a fort. Having the team and wagon that he moved them with, he loaded his household goods and family in his wagon, and the next morning after the citizens’ meeting was on the road to the Ohio river. In this vicinity he found John Rothgeb, Samuel Rothgeb and Philip Trickler, old neighbors and acquaintances. There was a small cabin on the bank of the river on the old homestead and a few acres partly cleared. Father moved into this cabin; winter came on; the river commenced rising; the neighbors informed him that the river would come into his cabin. He threw his cabin down in the morning, hauled it on the rise near where he afterwards live, raised it and moved into it the evening of the same day. It was a more convenient house for such an emergency than the houses of to-day. The land that my father lived on was owned by some heirs in New York. After much effort he succeeded in purchasing. My parents lived on said farm until their death. They both lived to be over seventy years of age. My parents had four children when they left Virginia. My sister Anna was born in Miami county, Ohio, consequently they came to this section of the country with five children. There were born unto them on the old homes

    Daniel married Rebecca BAKER 1777. Rebecca (daughter of UNKNOWN BAKER) was born Abt 1745; died Aug 1842, Shenandoah County, Virginia. [Group Sheet]

  2. 5.  Rebecca BAKER was born Abt 1745 (daughter of UNKNOWN BAKER); died Aug 1842, Shenandoah County, Virginia.


    Will Book F, Page 301, Shenandoah County, VA. Will of Rebecka Mauk (Mauck), Shenandoah Co., Va. Sons: Robert Mauk (Mauck), Danlel Mauk (Mauck), and Jacob Mauk (Mauck). Exors: Sons, Joseph Mauk (Mauck) and Robert Mauk (Mauck). Witness: Daniel Beaver, (German) and George Houeman, Jr. Dated 5 Jan 1805.
    Proved 11 Mar 1805.

    I just picked up your message on the Shenandoah List about Rebecca (Baker)
    Mauck, second wife of Daniel Mauck. Several of us have been desperately trying
    for years to find her roots without success. As far as I know, no one has
    located her parents or even any siblings, so this information about a brother
    and sister would be of extreme interest to our group. We also have the story
    about the London merchant which would probably make her English instead of
    German, but didn't know she had been abandoned. This was handed down to us
    from some prior work done in the 1930's to 1940's by a Dr Joesph William Mauck
    who was then President of Hillsdale College in Michigan, and who went to Page
    County, VA to do family research. We have never been able to confirm it or
    know where this story started before that.

    We would certainly love to have further documentation for the individuals you
    have cited as being Rebecca's siblings. They do make some sense because the
    Elder John Koontz family appeared to be closely associated with and lived in
    proximity to the Daniel Mauck family. One of the sons of Daniel and Rebecca
    (Baker) Mauck, David Mauck married Sarah Koontz, a great granddaughter of
    Elder John Koontz.

    Since I read your message, I went to the book, History of the Descendants of
    John Koontz by Lowell L. Koontz and published in 1979, and he has this
    information about Elizabeth (Baker) Koontz being a sister to Rebecca Mauck,
    but although I have had this book in my possession for years, I had over
    looked that statement. I guess I need to read my sources better. He also
    mentions that Elizabeth's father was from London, England. As reference for
    this, he has the "Page News and Courier" Luray, Page Co, VA, March 1, 1929,
    "Sketch of the Koontz Family" by Mary S. Brubaker.

    I also have a copy of Mary S. Brubaker's book, Mauck-Brubaker Families of The
    Page Valley of Vorginia and published in 1980, and in there she simply states
    that Rebecca Mauck's father was from London England and gives no clue as to
    his name or what happened to him. There is no mention in this book about any
    siblings of Rebecca (Baker) Mauck.

    Thank you for your reply to my Lewis Baker, Jacob Baker & siblings, et al

    I am aware of four references regarding the apparent Baker siblings:
    Elizabeth, Rebecca and Jacob. All are secondary references. You mentioned
    three: Books by Lowell Koontz and Mary S. Brubacker and the article, "Sketch
    of the Koontz Family", by Mary S. Brubacker in the Page News and Courier,
    March 1, 1929. I am familiar with the books, but have not seen the article.

    There is also a manuscript, "The Mock (Mauck) Family", that someone sent me
    several years ago. The author's name was missing, but it was dated June 1883.
    The following is on page 34:

    "Daniel' s (Mauck) second wife was British, the daughter of a London merchant
    who came to Virginia shortly before 1700. Mr. Baker was twice married and by
    his first wife had three children; Rebecca, Elizabeth and Jacob. Following his
    second marriage he left the three children with friends and 'went south'.
    Nothing more was known about him. Elizabeth Baker married John Koontz and had
    Jacob, John, Isaac and Elizabeth. Jacob Baker married first a Miss Sturdy, by
    whom he had nine children; and second Mary Ann Wade Alder of Maryland, by whom
    he had twelve children. The will of Rebecca (Baker) Mauck was dated Jan. 5,
    1805 and proved Mar. 1, 1805."

    Do you know the author of this manuscript?

    You certainly have my permission to add my message to the Mauck list, MOCK-
    GEN-L. Edit, modify or ad to as you see fit. The more widely distributed the
    better. Barbara Dittig published my query on this problem in the Spring 1996
    issue of the "Mock Family Historian", pg. 22.

    According to Daniel W. Bly in "From the Rhine to the Shenandoah", Rosina Baker
    (m. Christopher Mauck) was the daughter of Philip Peter Baker and a descendant
    of John Nicholas Baker, who settled near Strasburg, Shenandoah Co.

    The problem of the Baker sibilings has been a difficult one to solve. It is
    unfortunately that no primary refereces have been found.

    Thanks again.

    Joe Baker

    1. David MAUCK was born 20 Sep 1778, Shenandoah County, Virginia; died 9 Apr 1830.
    2. Joseph MAUCK was born 2 Jan 1780, Hamburg, Shenandoah County, (Now Page), Virginia; died 15 Apr 1856, Cheshire, Gallia County, Ohio.
    3. Daniel MAUCK was born Abt 1781, Shenandoah County, Virginia; died UNKNOWN.
    4. 2. Robert P. MAUCK was born 8 May 1782, Hamburg, Shenandoah County, Now Page County, Virginia; died 15 Jul 1834; was buried Gravel Hill Cemetery, Cheshire Township, Gallia County.
    5. Jacob MAUCK was born Abt 1787, Shenandoah County, Virginia; died Abt 1826.
    6. Elizabeth Anna MAUCK was born 1790, Shenandoah County, Virginia; died 1831.

  3. 6.  Peter RUFFNER was born 13 Dec 1746, Shenandoah County, Now Page County, Virginia (son of Peter RUFFNER and Mary STEINMAN); died 20 May 1811, Shenandoah County, Now Page County, Virginia.


    Peter's brothers and sister having previously been provided for, Peter was given the home place by his father's will and he resided there until his death.
    Peter Ruffner, Jr., Son of Peter Ruffner Elder and Mary Steinman married Elizabeth Burner, 2 May 1806. (Documentation of this marriage has not been located at this time)
    Children of Peter Ruffner, Jr. and Elizabeth Burner, daughter of Jacob Burner.
    1. Isaac Married Mary Kaufman 16 Jun 1828, dau. of Samuel. Shenandoah County Va.
    2. Elizabeth married Abraham Pennybacker, 30 Jul 1798 bondsman: Joshua Ruffner and Jonas Ruffner. Shenandoah Co., VA.
    3. Jonas Married Elizabeth Anna Mauck 13 Jun 1803, his ward d/o Daniel. Shenandoah Co., VA.
    4. Joshua married Sarah Revercomb 1 May 1806, dau of Jacob Revercomb. Shenandoah Co., VA.
    5. Christina married Robert Mauck, 29 Mar 1806, dau of Peter, Shenandoah Co., VA.
    6. Mary married William S. Mayre 20 Apr 1802, dau of Peter, Shenandoah Co., VA.
    7. Esther married Robert Mauck 7 Jan 1811, dau of Peter, Shenandoah Co., Va. (Family bible states 1809 Jan.)
    8. Nancy married John W. Abbott 22 Dec 1810, Shenandoah Co., VA. Bondsman: Philip Williams.
    9. John Married Betsy Long (Reference Ruffner Genealogy -Marriage Bond Not Found at this time to confirm)
    10. Catherine married William James Luneer (Reference Ruffner Genealogy - Marriage Bond Not Found at this tlme to confirm)

    Peter married Elizabeth BURNER Frederick County, Virginia. Elizabeth (daughter of Jacob BURNER and Magdalena Madle “Madley” BUMGARDNER) was born 4 Mar 1755, Fredrick County, Virginia; died Abt 1821, Burial Grounds On Ruffner Estate; was buried Route 340, North Luray, Shenandoah County, Now Page County, Virginia. [Group Sheet]

  4. 7.  Elizabeth BURNER was born 4 Mar 1755, Fredrick County, Virginia (daughter of Jacob BURNER and Magdalena Madle “Madley” BUMGARDNER); died Abt 1821, Burial Grounds On Ruffner Estate; was buried Route 340, North Luray, Shenandoah County, Now Page County, Virginia.


    Sister of Benjamin Ruffner's wife, Ann

    1. Barbara RUFFNER
    2. Elizabeth RUFFNER
    3. Isaac RUFFNER was born Hawksbill Creek, Shenandoah County, Virginia; died 1820; was buried Old Ruffner Cemetery, Page County, Virginia.
    4. Joshua RUFFNER was born Abt 1772.
    5. Jonas RUFFNER was born Abt 1781, Shenandoah County, Virginia; died 1839, Shenandoah County, Virginia; was buried Ruffner Cemetery, Pioneer Ruffner House, Page County, VA.
    6. Christinia RUFFNER was born Abt 1783, Shenandoah County, Virginia; died 22 Nov 1806.
    7. Mary Elizabeth RUFFNER was born 25 Apr 1785, Shenandoah County, Virginia; died 26 Sep 1852; was buried Green Hill Cemetery, Luray, Page County, Virginia.
    8. 3. Esther RUFFNER was born 15 Aug 1786, Shenandoah County, Now Page County, Virginia; died 26 Oct 1860, Cheshire Township, Gallia County, Ohio; was buried Gravel Hill Cemetery, Cheshire Township, Gallia County.
    9. Nancy RUFFNER was born Abt 1788; died 1829.
    10. John RUFFNER was born 3 Dec 1792, Lurary, Page County, Virginia; died 23 Nov 1863, Lurary, Page County, Virginia.

Generation: 4

  1. 8.  Rudolph MAUCK was born Abt 1700 (son of Adolph MAUCK); died 1750, Hamburg, Frederick County, Virginia.


    Also could have been known as Roody Maucks, Rudi Maag, Rudia Moak, Rudolph Maag, Ridy Mack, or Rudy Moick.
    Received a patent 17 Jan 1749, from Lord Fairfax for 400 acres at Hamburg Hamlet, now in Page County, Virginia.
    No will or list of heirs has been found, but the probate proceedings on his estate ended with the filing of the appraisers' report in 1751. A second Rudolph Mauck, known as Rudy, executed a quit-claim deed in 1754 to Christian Maggert of the above mentioned 400 acres, less 49. The original is estant and in the possession of the direct descendants of Daniel Mauck. Holding land contiguous to the original 400 acres were four men by the name of Mauck, probably sons of Rudolph. They may have been kin of Peter Mauck, the first man naturalized in Frederick Co., Va. The family almost certainly came to America from Bern, Switzerland, or vicinity.
    Inventory of estate dated 7 Mar 1750 Augusta Co. VA. administrator, Paul Long. Mathias Selzer assisted in the Inventory and lived next to Rudolph

    Rudolph — Mildrid UNKNOWN. Mildrid was born Abt 1700. [Group Sheet]

  2. 9.  Mildrid UNKNOWN was born Abt 1700.
    1. Richard MAUCK
    2. Henry MAUCK died 1793, Shenandoah County, Virginia.
    3. Rudolph MAUCK
    4. Elizabeth MAUCK was born 1 Nov 1736, Opecquon, Orange County, Virginia; died UNKNOWN.
    5. 4. Daniel MAUCK was born 1742, Germany Or Switzerland; died Jan 1803, Hamburg, Shenandoah County, (Now Page), Virginia; was buried Cemetery By "Mauck Meeting House" Hamburg, Va.

    1. Elizabeth BAKER died 1825.
    2. 5. Rebecca BAKER was born Abt 1745; died Aug 1842, Shenandoah County, Virginia.

  4. 12.  Peter RUFFNER was born 1713, Kingdom Of Hanover, Germany (son of Jakob RUFFNER); died 17 Jan 1778, Shenandoah County, Now Page County, Virginia; was buried Ruffner's Plantation, Shenandoah County, Now Page County, Virginia.


    The chief element and agency in the making of England. no doubt, was the settling on that Island of the Angles and the Saxons, both being branches of the great Germanic family whose Teutonic tongue was the parent of the present Anglo-Saxon, or English language. No family of the human race has displayed more patience, energy and tenacity, or achieved greater victories in arms, letters, science and art than that great people, now compacted in their original seats, and ramified over the civilized globe, though in many countries, as in England and this country, they are losing their homogeneity as they mingle by degrees with other races.

    The older subjects of these reminiscences were descendants of that great family, pure and unmixed when their ancestors emigrated from the Fatherland to this country.

    The first of the Kanawha family of Ruffners that came over the water was Peter Ruffner, a native of the Kingdom of Hanover, and of the Teutonic-German stock. He was the third son of a German Baron who owned large landed estates in Hanover. He spoke the high dutch language (Hoch Deutsch), and was a Protestant of the Martin Luther School. He attended an Agricultural College, but before he completed his course of studies at that school, he left the school UNKNOWN to his parents, and came to America, having been attracted hither by glowing descriptions of the country published in the German States. This was the first quarter of the 18thn century. He settled first in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. Soon after settling there he married Miss Mary Steinman, the daughter of a wealthy German farmer there, who owned a large landed property in the Valley of Virginia. Steinman was a native of the Kingdom of Wurtemburg, in Germany—was of the Sclavonic German stock, speaking the Low Dutch (Platt Deutsch) language. He had been in this country some time. Having brought considerable means with him, he added largely to it by prudent investment in the lands which he managed successfully in farming and grazing, as Germans seldom fail to do. With the increment of means arising from his business, he purchased what was then called wild lands in the Valley of Virginia, lying along the Shenandoah River in Shenandoah County, (Now Page County) and on both sides of Hawksbill Creek, in that county. He gave to his son-in-law a large body of land situate on both branches of Hawksbill Creek, to which Peter Ruffner and Mary, his wife, removed, and on which they settled and lived many years. This was adjoining the town of Luray, now in Page County, Virginia. This Peter was 6 feet 3 inches in height, athletic and fine looking. He possessed a vigorous mind and great energy of character, and exercised a large influence in hiscounty. His wife was a mate well suited to him. They were industrious, frugal, successful, and added largely to their estate. Both lived to a good old age, and left their children, six in number, independent at their death. All of them engaged in the business of farming. Shenandoah County, at the time he came to it, contained a very considerable number of Sclavonic Germans, mostly from Pennsylvania, and some foreign Germans, or late immigrants, who all spoke Low Dutch. The children of this Peter and Mary Ruffner were born in the order named: Joseph, Benjamen, Reuben, Peter, Emanuel and Elizabeth.

    Joseph, the eldest, settled first at the junction of Little and Big Hawks-bill Creeks, in Shenandoah County, but afterwards, in the year of 1794, sold out his property and moved to the County of Kanawha.

    It is proper here to say that the foregoing geneological facts were condensed from a paper prepared July 4th, 1835, by W. S. Marye, who married Mary, the sixth of eleven children of Peter Ruffner, son of the first Peter we have mentioned. A copy of the paper was furnished the writer by Miss Annie M. Ruffner, an accomplished daughter of the late Joel Ruffner, of Charleston. The paper was prepared by W. S. Marye for his son, James T. Marye.

    Some other authorities say Peter Ruffner came from Switzerland with a single sister and settled in Lancaster County, Pa. That she married John Strickler, the father of Jacob, Joseph and others of that name in Shenandoah County, Virginia whose descendents are numerous in the Valley of Virginia.

    Will probated 28 May 1778. Shenandoah County, Va will book A. Page 152.
    Parish of Beckford, County of Dunmore, Wife: Mary Ruffner.
    Sons: Peter, Manuel, Joseph, Benjamin, & Ruben. Mentions son in law: Jacob Stover. Exors: Wife Mary and Son Joseph and Friend Benjamin Strickler.
    Witness: Edwin Young, Selby Foley, Christian Grove & Jacob Burner.
    Dated 15 Jan 1778. Proved: 28 May 1778.


    IN THE NAME OF GOD, Amen. 1, Peter Ruffner Senr, of the Parish of Beckford, in the County of Dunmore, being of sound mind and perfect memory thans to God for the same do make & ordain this my last will and Testament in the manner and form following, that is to say, first of all I recommend my soul in a Christianlike manner at the discretion of my Executors hereinafter mentioned and as to what worldly---------estate it hath pleased God to bless me with I dispose thereof in the manner (Viz).
    Imprimis my Will and Desire is that all my just debts and funeral charges be first Paid and satisfied. Item - I give and bequeath unto my son Peter Ruffner all that Tract of Parcell of land whereon I now live except the part that is surveyed to the Mill Tract to his and his heirs for ever my Wife Mary Ruffner thirds excepted he paying to the following-person the sums of money hereafter mentioned. That is to say One hundred and fifty pound to Jacob Stober, my son in law as the same is stated that is to say the first year after my Death he shall pay Twenty-five pounds and so at the same rate till the whold at Trenty-five pounds a year is paid and three hundred fifty pounds to be paid to my beloved wife Mary Ruffner in the manner following that is to say fifty pounds a year from my Death until the whole is paid to her, to be given to her and her heirs and at the Disposal of my Beloved wife Mary Ruffner at he Deceased so that my beloved wife pay unto my son Manuel Ruffner the sum of fifty pounds on the day of his marriage so that its One year after my Deceased......
    Item - I give unto my son Joseph Ruffner one shilling beside the lands already given
    ltem - I give unto my son Benjamin Ruffner One shilling besided the land already given
    Item - I give unto my son Ruben Ruffner one shilling beside the land already given Item - It's my will and desire that my son Manuel Ruffner shall have the mills and the tract of land joining the same with the Price that was surveyed of the Track that I now live on which I think was Twenty-five acres. The line is marked, I give and Bequeath all my Horses etc., that am now possessed with to my son Emanual Ruffner except the Blue Roan horse and white horse which I bequeath to my beloved wife Mary Ruffner all my moveable estate not yet
    mentioned, she paying all my Just Debts in During her Natural Life or widowhood and after her Deceased or Marriage the same or to equal to be devided among my children
    Last, I do hereby make constitute and appoint my loving wife, Mary Ruffner, Executrix and my loving son Joseph
    Ruffner, and my friend Benjamin Strickler Exors of this my last will and Testament hereby revoking disanoling and making void all other Wills by me heretofore made declaring and confirming this only to be my last will
    and Testament. In Testimony whereof! have hereunto set my hand and seal this 15th, January 1778.
    Peter P.R. Ruffner (Seal)

    Signed, sealed, published, and declared by the Testator to be his last will and Testament in the presence of:

    Edwin Young Jacob J.B. Burner
    Selby Foley Christian C. G. Groves
    Jacob (written in German)
    At a Court held for the County Shenando the 28th of May 1778. The last will and testament of Peter Ruffner Deceased was Presented.

    The Ruffners
    By Dr. Henry Ruffner
    Emigrated to America in 1732, while still a young man. He sojourned for seven years in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. There he married Mary Steinman, the daughter of a wealthy German land-holder, who assigned to him a patent obtained from King George ll for a baronial estate in Virginia on the waters of the Shenandoah River, in what was then Frederick County, afterwards Shenandoah, now Page. Thither he came with his wife, and as been suggested, with live stock and other conveniences. He certainly brought either money or means of making money, as was proved by his rapid accumulation of additional property, his original patent covered a belt of land beginning at the mouth of Hawkbill Creek. A Mill Stream which passes close to Luray, and continuing up the creek including both branches for eight miles. His lands were afterwards extended four miles farther up the two branches of the creek, which greatly improved the character of his estate.
    Peter established his dwelling at the "Big Spring," now on the edge of Luray where he and .after him his son Peter, and .after him a grandson Jonas, lived, reared large families, and died. After whom came Forrer, and after him the widow Chapman whose heroic sons distinguished themselves in Mosby’s command.. At the time when Peter Ruffner came there was a small settlement of Germans in the neighborhood, among whom were Stover, Strickler, Roller, Heistand, Beidler, etc.
    It is quite certain that Peter Ruffner came from Switzerland, yet there is an important statement made by Wm. S. Marye which brings him from the Kingdom of Hanover in Germany. Marye, one of the Fredericksburg Maryes, and an educated man, came in 1794 to the German settlement and lived for a time with a Scotchman named Mundell, who was engaged in merchandising. In 1802 he married Mary Ruffner the daughter of peter the second, and soon came into possession of the family records and traditions. In 1835 Marye wrote a history of the Ruffner family which contains a number of statements not found elsewhere, but which does not contradict the prevailing family tradition except on the one point in locating the paternal home of the first peter in Hanover. Marye bore so high a reputation for probity that we may ascribe his error to inadvertence. With this remark I will quote from his narrative:
    "Peter Ruffner the elder is the first of the Ruffner family of whom we have any intelligence in this country. He was a native of the kingdom of Hanover in Germany; was of the Teutonic-German stock; was the third son of a German baron, who owned large landed estates in Hanover. He spoke the high Dutch language (Hoch-Deutsch) and was in religion a Protestant of the Martin Luther school.
    "he was at an agricultural college, and before he got through his studies (with other students), he left college without the knowledge of his parents, and came to this country, having been attracted hither by the then glowing descriptions of America published in the German States. On arriving in this country, he located in one of the interior counties of Pennsylvania (Lancaster county, I think it was), where he very soon thereafter became acquainted with and married Miss Mary Steinman, the daughter of a very wealthy German farmer there, who owned a large landed property in the valley of Virginia. Said Steinman was a native of the kingdom of Wurtemburg in Germany; was of the Slavonic-German stock; he spoke the low Dutch (Platt Deutsch) language; he emigrated some years previously to this country, with considerable means, and had made a considerable fortune by farming and grazing, and had invested much of his surplus funds in those valuable wild lands in the valley of Virginia, along the Shenandoah river, and on both branches of the Hawksbill Creek, in Shenandoah county.
    Steinman gave to Ruffner a large body of very valuable land, situated on both branches of the Hawksbill Creek, to which said Ruffner and his wife Mary removed, and settled on the plantation now owned by and on which Jonas Ruffner resides, on the Hawksbill Creek, adjoining the town of Luray, where he lived many years with his wife Mary, and by her he had the following children, viz:
    1._Joseph. 2._Benjamin. 3._Reuben. 4._Peter. 5._Emmanuel. 6._Elizabeth.
    The said Peter Ruffner was only about nineteen years old when he came to America. He was a tall, fine looking man, being 6 feet 3 inches, of strong mind and with great energy of character; was a man of mark and of much influence in his neighborhood and county. His wife was said to be possessed of equally good parts; and they were both well calculated to do well in the world. They were industrious, thriving and prosperous farmers for many years and acquired much .additional landed property. They lived to a good old age, and died and were buried on the plantation on which they had first settled, having raised all their children, and settled them on good farms near to them, as they respectively got married.
    At the time Peter Ruffner the elder migrated to and settled in Shenandoah, there was a considerable settlement there of Slavonic Germans, mostly from Pennsylvania, the stock being of that extraction of Germans, with some few foreign Germans, all who spoke the low Dutch (Platt-Deutsch) language. Indeed at that early day, that part of the valley of Virginia was almost exclusively settled by this class of Germans, and it was with that class of Germans that the said Peter Ruffner became identified and inter-married afterwards."
    Had Marye located the Ruffner barony in Switzerland his narrative would have harmonized with some known facts. I am creditably informed that Judge Drew of Kanawha, when a student at Heidelburg University made the acquaintance of a Baron Ruffner (also a student) from Switzerland, and that their acquaintance is still continued by correspondence. No doubt this name is but another form of Ruffner. In 1876 at the Philadelphia exposition a Ruffner from Bern, Switzerland, exhibited chemicals. From various quarters it is reported that the name is now common and influential in the region about Bern.
    But evidence is accumulating which indicates that neither Germany nor Switzerland was the original fatherland of the Ruffners; but that they originally came from Italy. A tradition to this effect exists among at least three lines of people bearing the name in America, who are not known to be related to each other, and in a book entitled "Noblesse Francaise," which I examined in the old Philadelphia library, is to be found the name of Ruffiniar. The same name with the exception of the final "r" occurs very often among the Latin people both ancient and modern. Ruffinianus was a roman rhetorician; Ruffinus was a son of Poppaca by her first marriage to Rufus Crispinus. In the Gallic war there was a general Ruffinus. A number of others might be mentioned. The radical name of them all was probably Rufus, red, so named from the color of the soil.
    But the etymology of the name is of less consequence to us than the doings of the people of the Hawksbill. The man who brought the name certainly had enterprise and good judgment, for as heretofore said, large as was his tract of land on the Hawksbill he largely and rapidly added to it. Beautiful though partial views of his possessions may be obtained from the car windows for several miles south of Luray, looking east toward the blue ridge. We have no detailed information as to Peter’s additions except as to the purchase from lord Fairfax of 196 acres of land on the Hawksbill in 1761. The original deed in a somewhat mutilated condition is now on deposit in the state museum at Charleston. The handwriting is quite legible, but parts of the document are gone including the signature. The antique style of the deed, I think, possesses interest enough to justify the making of the following quotations from it, to wit:
    "the Right Honorable Lord Fairfax, Baron of Cameron, in that part of great Britain called Scotland, proprietor of the Northern Neck of Virginia: to all whom this present writing shall come, sends greeting.
    Know ye that for good causes, for and in consideration of the composition to me paid, and for the annual rent hereinafter named, I have given, granted and confirmed, and do hereby give, grant and confirm to Peter Ruffner of Frederick county, a certain tract * * * adjoining other land of Ruffner* * * on the branches of the Hawksbill. * * * bounded as follows * * * to have and to hold * * * royal mines excepted * * * and a full third part of lead, copper, tin, coals, iron mine and iron ore.
    "said Ruffner shall pay yearly and every year on the first day of St. Michael the Archangel the free rent of one shilling sterling money for every fifty acres.
    "given at my office * * * the fifth day of may in the first day of his Majesty George the Third, 1761."
    At that time the market towns of the producers of the Shenandoah county were Fredericksburg and Alexandria. Peter Ruffner continued to live and prosper where he first settled for 49 years. His death occurred in 1788 at the age of 76 years. His wife lived 10 years longer, and died at 84. They left five children, four sons and one daughter.
    The big spring home place was inherited by Peter’s fourth son and namesake, whose daughter Mary became the wife of Marye. This Peter the second had eleven children, one of whom Jonas succeeded to the ownership of the homestead. He built the brick residence occupied by the Chapman family. He donated the site of Luray, and is jestingly reported to have said "the land is poor and much of it too steep to plough--so you may have it!" I mentioned Jonas particularly because all of his fourteen children except one went to Kanawha about 1818 though the most of them passed on farther west. One of the daughters, Rebecca, married Frank Ruffner, and another, Mary Ann, married John B. Davenport. Descendants of these two families still live in Kanawha.
    To return to the immediate family of the first Peter, his eldest son Joseph was the progenitor of all the Kanawha Ruffners except the few just mentioned; but I postpone the full account of him until my next number, in order that I may mention a few miscellaneous items.
    The celebrated Luray cave is so much a matter of public interest that I will mention some facts concerning it. The hill in which the cave is situated belonged in early days to the Ruffner Family. So far as I can learn the first discovery of a cave in the hill was made by one of the sons of Joseph Ruffner, who went out soon afterward to Kanawha, and became one of its most prominent citizens. This cave is entered near the top of the hill, and is not the same as the one now so much visited; though there is scarcely a doubt but they are connected. It was probably in 1793 or 1794 that Ruffner, then not grown, and a companion, chased a fox into a hole. Ruffner digged for him, and to his astonishment uncovered the mouth of a cave, the opening to which descended vertically into the earth a distance of perhaps 30 feet. The hole remained open, but was not explored immediately on account of the formidable look of the entrance. After a time, however, the cave was entered by a Ruffner. As to this point the testimonials are unanimous, but I have not been able to determine just which of the Ruffners it was. The best account we have of the attempt at exploration was published in the Shenandoah Herald in 1825. This account was copied in the Virginia Gazetteer, and in the Lexington, Virginia, Intelligence the same year, and has formed the basis of most of what has been said about it. In 1880 two college-bred gentlemen visited Luray, and published what they could gather in their Little book of travels under the names of "ego" and "alter." They were thoroughly trustworthy, and I will quote their account of the adventure, as follows:
    "A Mr. Ruffner who was nearly as much celebrated for deeds of sylvan prowess as the renowned putnam, in passing this cave some thirty years age, namely, in 1795, conceived the bold and hazardous design of entering it alone. He accordingly placed his rifle across the mouth to indicate, in case of accident to his friends in case they should happen to see it, that he was in the cave. He descended, but soon fell and put out his light, and as must have been expected, was soon bewildered and lost in its labyrinth of passages. It happened that some of his friends in passing the cave discovered his gun, and rightly concluding that he had gone into it, they procured lights and entered in search of him. They found and brought him out after he had been in for forty-eight hours. This brave fellow was among the pioneers who were foremost in exploring and settling our western frontier; and was at last killed by the Indians after have performed deeds of valor which would have done honor to the character of a hero."
    This cave was long known as "Ruffner’s cave," and was so put down on the old maps. I have a map now with the cave thus marked. One feature of the tradition is not mentioned by "ego" and "alter," namely, that Ruffner dropped a pine sapling into the vertical mouth of the cave, and used it as a ladder.
    With regard to the Ruffner who is above mentioned as the first who entered the cave it could not be denied, for he was not an Indian fighter, and was not killed by the Indians. The early Ruffners were Mennonites, an anti-war sect, and could not be expected to furnish many fighters; but schuricht in his history of the Germans in Virginia names a number of noted indian fighters among the early settlers, and among them "George Ruffner." But i have no other knowledge of him. In fact the first three generations of Ruffners were so prolific that there is no record in existence of all their names.
    So far as my information goes, I should incline to assign the early fighters to the family of Emmanuel, the youngest son of the first Peter. He had a large family and was himself a giant in size and strength. His arm is reported to have been as large as the leg of a common sized man. In 1805 he removed to Fairfield County, Ohio. Concerning his family history I have almost no accurate knowledge; but I always suspected that it was one of his sons who performed a remarkable feat, which was reported in the newspapers many, many years ago under the caption of "Ruffner against Crockett." In order that the story may not be wholly forgotten I will tell it here as I remember it.
    Ruffner, who lived on the bank of the Ohio, was roused from sleep one winter night by the violent barking of his dogs which were driving some animal into the river. Ruffner dashed down the bank, thinking the animal was probably a deer, and when he found that the dogs and their game had taken water, he plunged in after them. Ice was running freely in the river, but on he went, and when he reached the other side he found his dogs in fierce conflict with a large black wolf. But the wolf slashed the dogs so savagely as to clear the space around him, and there he stood ready to fight the master. Ruffner was in his night-clothes and without any sort of weapon, but he set the dogs on him again, and whilst they were scuffling in the edge of the water, he seized the wolf by the hind legs and tried to drown him, but failing in this he swung him high in the air, and brought his head down upon a rock, crushing his skull. Such a man as this would consider the exploring of a cave an easy venture.
    Peter Ruffner the elder had one son and a daughter who were content with their Hawksbill Farms, and never went west; but he had another son who possessed the adventurous spirit of the early Ruffners, and went off with his family to Kentucky.
    Peter Ruffner’s posterity now considerably exceed one thousand in number, a goodly increase in one hundred and sixty-five years.
    Lexington, Va., April 10, 1901

    The following material has been abstracted from a pamphlet which was published announcing the Ruffner Family Reunion which celebrated the bicentennial of the arrival of the Joseph and Ann (Heistand) Ruffner Family in the Kanawha River Valley of West Virginia. The Reunion was held in Charleston, West Virginia on June 3rd and 4th 1995.

    PETER RUFFNER COMES TO AMERICA --- The story of the Ruffner Family! in America has its roots in the emigration of so many Europeans to America in early days of the Eighteenth Century when economic and religious conditions were driving many a young person to seek their freedom and fortune in the West. Nineteen year old Peter Ruffner arrived in Philadelphia with his sister, Mary, in 1732. Speaking "High Dutch" the 6'3" tall young adventurer who came from the German Region of Switzerland, soon moved to the German speaking settlement of Lancaster, Pennsylvania. He lived there seven years before taking a bride, the twenty-five year old Mary, daughter of Joseph Steinman In that same year the couple emigrated to the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia to live on a land patent given as a wedding present by her father. There on the Hawksbill Creek at the Big Springs they built their log home where their children became the first generation Ruffners born in America. That area, now known as Luray,. Page County, Virginia was the first home of their eight children; Joseph, Benjamin, Catherine,. Peter, Jr., Reuben, Tobias, Elizabeth, and Emanuel.
    Peter the father died in 1778 and Mary in 1798. Little Catherine had died as a child and Tobias at age fifteen. They were all buried on the Ruffner’s homestead. The industrious farmer, Peter had planted in his children the success that comes from hard labor, a mark that these children would take with them as they in turn would begin the trek into the Northwest Territory and beyond At the age of forty one Reuben was the first to leave The Shenandoah Valley taking his wife Catherine and children to Kentucky before 1789. At the age of forty five , Joseph took his wife Ann and their children into the Kanawha Valley in 1795. Emanuel, at the age of forty six moved to Fairfield County, Ohio in 1803, along with his wife and their children. Benjamin and Peter Jr. chose to stay on the old homestead. Daughter Elizabeth married Jacob Stover and moved to Strasburg, Virginia.
    It would be the third and fourth generations that continued the move westward, as they too opened up new territory, planting their farms and commercial industry throughout Ohio, Kentucky, Illinois, Michigan, Colorado, and Arizona. Today there are descendants of Peter and Mary Ruffner in all fifty states of the Union, a Union whose split in 1860 tested the resolve of the Ruffner political loyalties between brothers and sisters who like so many families at the time chose to serve on opposing sides in that great conflict. The Civil War or also know as The War Between The States. In all stage of our Nation’s History and in all issues defining those stage , Ruffners were there. Peter, the father, was sixty two when the American Revolution began, and his support for that effort was carried on by his sons who began a long line of military service to the United States. A fine record of those Ruffner men and women who have served in the military is to be found in the family history published by Oliver and Doris Ruffner. Their Chronicle of the Ruffner Family well documents the many generations who have become successful across the country in Public Service. Education, the Law, Religion, and Commercial trade. The legacy of Peter and Mary Ruffner lives on in the descendants.
    1713 - Peter Ruffner born in Germany/Switzerland.
    1714 - Mary Steinman born in Pennsylvania daughter of Joseph Steinman.
    1732 - Nineteen year old Peter Ruffner arrives in America with his sister Mary Ruffner
    1734 - Orange County was formed, containing all of the Virginia Territory West of the Blue Ridge Mountains.
    1739 - Peter Ruffner married Mary Steinman in Lancaster, Pennsylvania and they migrate to the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia to homestead on the Hawksbill River Patent near Big Springs. Peter Ruffner sister, Mary, married Abraham Strickler.
    1740 - Joseph Ruffner is born to Peter and Mary Ruffner.
    1742 - Benjamin Ruffner, Sr. is born to Peter & Mary Ruffner at the Hawksbill Homestead.
    1744 - Catherine Ruffner is born to Peter & Mary Ruffner but dies at a young age
    1746 - Peter Ruffner ll is born at Big Spring on the Hawksbill.
    1748 - Reuben Ruffner is born to Peter & Mary on the Hawksbill.
    1752 - Tobias Ruffner is born to Peter & Mary Ruffner.
    1755 - Elizabeth Ruffner is born to Peter & Mary Ruffner. The Shawnee Indians attack the Draper’s Meadow Settlement in the Blue Ridge Mountains and take captive Mary (Draper) Ingles and her son Thomas, who was the first white child born west of the Alleghenies. After Mary escaped she told of seeing Indians gathering salt where Campbell Creek enters the Kanawha River. This became know as the “Salt Tale”.
    1757 - Emanuel Ruffner, last child of Peter & Mary Ruffner is born at Big Spring on the Hawksbill.
    1764 - Joseph Ruffner marries Ann Heistand.
    1767 - Fifteen year old Tobias Mary Ruffner dies at his parents home on the Hawksbill
    1770 - George Washington visits the mouth of the Kanawha River where it enters the Great Ohio River. Fort Savannah is built at a place that later became known as Lewisburg.
    1775 - The Battle of Lexington and Concord which begins the American Revolution in Massachusetts. The Continental Congress meets in Philadelphia Pennsylvania.
    1776 - Declaration of Independence from Great Britain adopted.
    1778 - Peter Ruffner dies at his home on the Hawksbill Creek at Big Spring.
    1781 - The British surrender at Yorktown, Virginia.
    1786 - The Virginia General Assembly adopts the Statute for Religious Freedom.
    1788 - Col. David Ruffner married Lydia Ann Brumbach. George Clendenin built a fort on the Kanawha River near the mouth of the Elk River.
    1789 - Reuben Ruffner takes his family to a new home in Kentucky. The Virginia Assembly establishes Kanawha County.
    1790 - Henry Ruffner is born to David and Ann Ruffner.
    1791 - George Clendenin and Daniel Boone are elected to the Virginia Legislature from Kanawha County.
    1794 - The Virginia General Assembly creates a town at the site and lands of Clendenin’s Fort and named it Charleston.
    1795 - Joseph & Ann Ruffner take their family to the Kanawha River Valley and live for a year at George Clendenin's Fort. Joseph bought land from Clendenin & Bullitt making him the largest landholder in Charleston.
    1796 - Colonel David Ruffner sells the last of his father’s farm on the Hawksbill and moves to Clendenin’s Fort where he and his family live for the next ten years.
    1797 - Lewis Ruffner is born to David & Ann Ruffner. The first white child to be born in the city of Charleston.
    1798 - Mary (Steinman) Ruffner dies at her home in the Shenandoah Valley. Joseph Ruffner is a delegate to Virginia General Assembly.
    1799 - David Ruffner is a delegate to Virginia General Assembly. He served a total of five terms.
    1803 - Joseph Ruffner dies at his home near Ruffner Hollow in n the Kanawha Valley. His brother, Emanuel Ruffner moves his family from Virginia to Fairfield County, Ohio.
    1806 - Benjamin Ruffner, Sr. died at his home on the Hawksbill Creek
    1808 - David & Tobias Ruffner bored the first salt well at Campbell Creek, Kanawha Valley.
    1811 - Peter Ruffner, Jr. dies at the old family homestead on Hawksbill Creek
    1815 - Daniel Ruffner builds Holly Grove Mansion at Ruffner Hollow.
    1817 - David & Tobias Ruffner discovered coal in the Kanawha Valley
    1819 - Henry Ruffner establishes the Kanawha Presbyterian church.
    1821 - General Lewis Ruffner is elected to the Virginia Genera] Assembly.
    1822 - Reuben Ruffner dies in Kentucky.
    1832 - Fire destroys the inside of Holly Grove Mansion, the home of Daniel Ruffner. David and Daniel Ruffner build their steam powered flour and saw mill.
    1834 - Augustus Ruffner builds his home, and calls it Cedar Grove.
    1837 - Joseph Ruffner II died at his home in Cincinnati, Ohio
    1839 - Daniel Ruffner is elected sheriff of Kanawha County.
    1843 - Colonel Davis Ruffner died at his home in Malden. Joel Ruffner and Richard Putney are elected Justices of the Peace.
    1847 - Dr. Henry Ruffner writes his famous "Ruffner Pamphlet” calling it the Emancipation of the Slaves.
    1848 - Dr. Henry Ruffner retires as President of Washington College in Lexington, Virginia and returned to Malden in the Kanawha Valley.
    1860 - The South secedes from the Union and the Civil War begins.
    1861 - Dr. Henry Ruffner died at Malden. The Confederate and Union Armies clash in the Kanawha Valley.
    1863 -West Virginia breaks away from Virginia, becoming a northern State and General Lewis Ruffner is elected to the West Virginia Legislature.
    1865 - Daniel Ruffner died. His son James inherited Holly Grove Mansion. The Civil War ended and many Ruffner sons return home, but others less fortunate did not.
    1995 - The Ruffner Family had a Reunion in Charleston, West Virginia to celebrate the Bicentennial and the arrival of Joseph and Ann (Heistand) Ruffner and their family to the beautiful Kanawha River Valley of West Virginia

    Peter married Mary STEINMAN 1739, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. Mary (daughter of Joseph STEINMAN and Francia UNKNOWN) was born 1 Sep 1714, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania; died 1798, Page County, Virginia; was buried Ruffner's Plantation, Shenandoah County, Now Page County, Virginia. [Group Sheet]

  5. 13.  Mary STEINMAN was born 1 Sep 1714, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania (daughter of Joseph STEINMAN and Francia UNKNOWN); died 1798, Page County, Virginia; was buried Ruffner's Plantation, Shenandoah County, Now Page County, Virginia.


    Wm. S. Marye's letter to son:

    "Your mother (Mary Ruffner) was the most beautiful lady I think I have ever seen. I lived at Mundellsville where I courted and married her. Her father's place was only about 1 1/2 miles down the Hawksbill Creek from Mundellsville. I visited there for a long time with much pleasure to myself in my young days. I removed from Culpeper to the Shenandoah in 1794 at the age of 19 years. Your mother and I have had 15 children. When I left Culpeper I was a mere boy just out of the William and Mary College where I studied the languages, mathematics and other branches usual in College. Nothing was spoken in this part of the country but the German language, the low Dutch. I procured a quantity of German books of the very best autohros and very soon became the best German scholar in this region. I learned to speak, read and write the Hock Deutsch and the Platt Deutch (High and low Dutch) languages.

    _ ___ ____________ ____ ___ ___ ____ _____ _ ____
    There is a tradition in the Strickler family that Abraham married Peter Ruffner's only sister. Ruffner was the ancestor of the well known family who located in the Massanutten neighborhood in 1739. Some of the Ruffners became prominent in education. In 1746 Peter Ruffnough (Ruffner) qualified as administrator of the estate of Abraham Strickler, dec'd. This fact strengthens the tradition.

    __ ___ ______ _____ ____ ________ ______ ____ ________

    1. Joseph RUFFNER was born 25 Sep 1740, Page County, Virginia; died 23 Mar 1803, Charleston, West Virginia.
    2. Benjamin RUFFNER was born 14 Aug 1742, Page County, Virginia; died 1806, Page County, Virginia; was buried On Ruffner Plantation, Page County, Virginia.
    3. Cahterine RUFFNER was born 13 May 1744, Fredrick (Page) County, Virginia; died 1826, Shenandoah (Page) County, Virginia.
    4. 6. Peter RUFFNER was born 13 Dec 1746, Shenandoah County, Now Page County, Virginia; died 20 May 1811, Shenandoah County, Now Page County, Virginia.
    5. Reuben RUFFNER was born 20 Oct 1748, Page County, Virginia; died 1822, Page County, Virginia.
    6. Tobias RUFFNER was born 4 Aug 1752, Page County, Virginia; died 1767, Page County, Virginia.
    7. Elizabeth RUFFNER was born 4 Mar 1755, Shenandoah County, Virginia; died Bef 1816, Near Strasburg, Virginia.
    8. Emanuel RUFFNER was born 31 Mar 1757, Page County, Virginia; died 4 Jun 1848, Page County, Virginia.

  6. 14.  Jacob BURNER was born 1724, Holland/ Lucerne, Switzerland; died Jul 1790, Beckford Parish, Shenandoah County, Virginia.


    VIrginia Northern Neck Land Grants, Volume 11, 1742-1775, Compiled By Gertrude E. Gray, Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore, Md.

    M-306. Jacob Burner of Frederick Co. 400 A. on Mill Run in said Co. Surv. Mr. George Hume. On S. Fork of Shenandoah adj. Matbias Selser, old Mesinuttin tract, Peter Lyenberger. 2 Oct. 1764

    M-332. Daniel Mauk of Frederick Co. 283 A. on S.R. of Shenandoah in said Co. Surv. Mr. Thomas Rutherford. Adj. Martin Coffman, Christian Maggott, Casper Snider, Jacob Burner. 1 Mar. 1765

    0-140. Martin Coffman of Frederick Co. 240 A. on S.R. of Shenandoah in said Co. Surv. Thomas Rutherford. Adj. Jacob Burner, s'd Martin Coffman, a Wagon Road, Christian Huntzberger, Christian Maggot. 6 May 1768

    0-294. Jacob Burner jr. of Frederick Co. 63 A. near Woodstock in said Co. Peter Stephens. Adj. Jacob and AuIevar Millar, Anthony Knisley, Joseph Pugh, Baylis. 20 June 1770

    From Ellen Kauffman (Rickard
    Patricia jean Minger (Vorenberg)
    (Last Updated 12 Feb 1985)
    DIED ON: D
    SEX: M

    THE BURNERS By Olive Burner, Carthage IL Mr. Burner (the first ancestor in America) brought with him from Germany all the money he possessed, and as banks and safety vaults were UNKNOWN in those days, he placed his money in the pockets of an old worn out pair of trousers and hung them on the wall of the cabin. One day they were startled by the yells of approaching Indians and in their great haste to get away the money was forgotten. The Indians searched in vain for the occupants of the cabin and went away, and when the family returned found the money undisturbed. Miss Burner thinks this first ancestor's name was Jacob. I find that a Jacob Burner obtained land on the left bank of the river in 1777 not far from the Mouth of the Hawksbill and not far from the Rhodes home. This was not his first deed, probably, as he was no doubt in this locality much earlier than this. The old Burner home is located opposite the mouth of Lick Run. The old chimney still stands over the vaulted celler. From the Shenandoah Co. marriage records she found the following: Joseph Burner m. Ann Rhodes Mar. 13, 1783. John Rodes (Rhodes) m. Catherine Brewbaker, Mar. 25 1783.

    From the History of the Hiner Family
    The History or the Burner Family
    Jacob Burner, another of our early immigrrant ancestors, was born in Holland. He was a Mennonite and his famify wes probably originally from Switzerlend, escaping to refuge in Holland arter suffering endless presecution. He was married berore 1750 in Virginia to Madley Bumgardner who was a daughter of John Bumgardner, also Mennonite.
    Jacob and Madley Burner were the parents of fourteen children which are as follows: Ann or Anna who married Benjamin Ruffner; Jacob Jr. who married Anna; Mary who was married to Jacob Beam; Elizabeth who married Peter Ruffner; Magdalena who married John Hiner; John, who went to North Carlina; Barbara who married John Stover; Joseph who mar-ried Ann Rhodes; Christina who married Samuel Strickler; Esther; Katherine who married David Bumgardner; Franky who married Peter Bumgardner; Samuel who married Mary Stover; and Michael who married Magdalena Gefeller.
    Jacob was very active in the Mennonlte church. He is found quite often in the old court records appraising the estate of deceased Mennonites. He was obviously a man who had the trust of his community. The following letter was a letter written for the Mennonites by Benedict Hirshe, the story being told by Michael Kaurtman, Jacob Burner, Samuel Bohn and Daniel Stauffer. We can now truly see how rough things were for our early ancestors.


    Today, the 7th of September, 1758. Herewith we authorize our brother and co-worker in faith, Johannes Schneyder, who until now has been a good friend to the poor and who contemplates a journey to the friends and brethren in Holland on account of the dark times in which we find ourselves at this time, owing to the tyrannical and barba-rous Indians who have already killed so many people, anl have taken so many prisoners and carried them away; others were driven from their homes and lands, so that many people are now in great poverty and distress.
    We were thirty-nine Mennonite rsmilies living to-gether in Virginia. One family was murdered end the re-maining of us and many other families were oblidged to flee for our lives, leaving our all and going empty-handed.
    Last May the Indians have murdered over fifty per-sons and more than two hundred families were, driven away and made homeless.
    We come, therefore, praying to you, brethren and co-fellows in faith, for help by way of charitable aid if your love will persuade you to show meray to us, so that we may with God's help, and the aid of good friends, be guided through this Valley of Greif; the deer Lord will reward you for it, here in this life end finally in eternity for all you do for us.
    Further, I do not deem it necessary to write much, as our friend and brother will give you a better report than I could in my simple and imperfect writing, for, he too had been in danger of his life, with his wife and four children and was compelled to flee and leave his all behind. He hed been so situated that he could make a comfortable living. He had a nice Little farm and besides he had begun the distilling of turpentine oil. He was alwys a good friend to the distressed in times of need.
    Further we request you to remember us in your prayers, as we are likeminded toward you, and we may have the comfort of good old Tobias, with which he comforted his son, when he said, "Even tho we are poor, but if we fear God, we shall receive much good."
    P.S. Thus our friend desired a treveling companion from the Congregation to accompany him on his journey, as he deems it best not to go alone. Upon our advice and with our best wishes, our Minister and Elder, Martin Funk, has consented to go. Until now he was found true and honest in all things by all. He is, however, still a single man, and by occupation a miller. He, too was compelled to flee and leave his all behind. This man was found by the grace and help of God, and will be a true traveling companion to our brother, Johannes Schneyder, on his journey to Holland.

    Further, in my simple-heartedness, I do not know what more to write, only to send greetings from us all to all the brethren and congregation in Hollend.

    Signed by us and many others,

    Micheel Kuffman
    Jacob Burner
    Samuel Bohn
    Daniel Stauffer

    Written by Benedict Hirshe, one mile from Lancaster Town, Mennist Minister.
    We Learn that this envoy arrived in Amsterdam, Holland, December 8, 1758, A letter was addressed from the mennonites in Holland, December 27,1758 in which they tell of sending 50 pounds English Sterling or 78 pounds, 11 Shillings, and 5 pence, Philadelphia money, which they may receive on presenting enclosed credentials to Messrd. Benjamin and Samuel Shoemaker in Philadelphia.


    Shenandoah County, VA Will Book C, pages 236-240
    In the name of God Amen I Jacob Burner of Shenandoah County being now in good health and perfect memory but knowing that it is Ordained for all men to die I make and ordain this my last will and testament in manner and form following to wit.
    Imp. I resign up my soul to almighty God who gave it and my body to the ground to be decently buried in hopes of a Joyful Resurrection to Eternal life and my worldly goods and Estate which I have I leave to be disposed as follows after my just debts is paid.
    Item. I give to my son Michael Borner an Equal share of my Estate, Except Ten pounds value which I have already given him and design him that over and above the rest of my children.
    Item. I give the children of my daughter Ann Rufner deceased an Equal share of my Estate Considering what I have already given her in her life time.
    Item. My s o n Jacob I have already given him his full share in his life time. Therefore I design him nothing more of my Estate or his heirs.
    Item. I give my daughter Mary Beam an Equal Share of my Estate Considering in what I have already given her.
    Item. I give my daughter Elizabeth Rufner an Equal Share of my Estate Considering in what I have already given her.
    Item. I give my daughter Mattener Hiner an Equal Share of my Estate considering in what I have already given her.
    Item. I give my son John the house and land that I now live on from the river strait out by the lower gate to the back line provided he can pay the over plush of his pan into my Estate when valued by Indifferent men of Character
    Item. I give my daughter Barbary Stover an Equal Share of my Estate Considering in what I have Already 'given her.
    Item. I give my son Joseph Burner the land that he now Lives on four hundred and Some Odd acres which I have Already valued to one hundred and fifty pounds and if that Should come too more than his Share he must pay back into my Estate the Overplush.
    Item. I give to my d a u g h t e r Christiner Burner an Equal Estate Considering in what she may have out before the division.
    Item. I give my daughter Esther Burner an Equal share considering in what she may have out before the division.
    Item. I give my daughter Katherine Burner an Equal share considering in what she may have out before the division.
    Item. I give to my daughter Franky Burner an Equal share Considering in what she may have before the division.
    Item. I give to my son Samuel Burner the lower end of my land I now live on Beginning on the river and so out by the lower gate and out to the back line and all the land below in my Tract and that to be valued By men of Character and if Such Value shall be more than his share he must pay the money back into my Estate in order that all my children may have an Equal Share. I leave my Trusty friends Jacob Heastant and Marks Grove and Peter Heastant my only Exors of this my last will and Testament and revoke all other will by me made. In Witness I have hereunto set my hand and seal this fifth day of April 1785. Test
    Jacob IB Burner (seal)
    Peter Ruffnaut
    Nathaniel Stewart
    Peter Lionbarger
    Jacob IB Burner
    Charles Gordon

    A Codicil to the Will
    Be it known unto all men by these presents that I Jacob Burner of the parish of Beckford in the County of Shenandoah (Farmer) have made and declared this my last will and Testament in writing bearing date the 5th day of April 1785. I the said Jacob Burner by this present Codicil do ratify and Confirm by my said last Will and Testament and do further give and bequeath unto my daughter Esther Burner the further sum more than her share within mentioned the sum Twelve pounds Current money of Virginia to be paid unto her the said Esther Burner by my Executors out of my Estate and my will and meaning is that this Codicil be adjudged to be a pan and parcel of my last Will and Testament and all things mentioned and Contained by faithfully and Truly performed and as fully and amply in Every respect as if the same were so declared and set down in my said last will and Testament. Witness my hand this nineteenth day of July one thousand seven hundred and ninety.

    Signed in the presents of us his
    Jacob IB Burner
    Edwin Young mark
    Jacob Lionbarger
    William (X) Harris
    John Burner
    Leithia Burner

    At a Count held for the County of Shenandoah on Thursday the 30th day of December 1790. The last will and Testament together with the Codicil thereto annexed of Jacob Burner deceased was Exhibited to the Court by Jacob Heastant one of the Executors therein named who made affirmation thereto according to law and was proved by the affirmation of Peter Lionbarger, Jacob Burner, Charles Gordon witnesses thereto and Ordered to be recorded On the motion of the said Jacob Heastant Certificate for obtaining a probate thereof in due form is granted him the other Exors in the said Will mentioned Came into Court and refused to Take upon themselves the burthen of the Executors of the said Estate will.
    Test Williams Clk
    Know all men by these presents that we Jacob Heastant John Strickler and Isaac Harshberger are held and firmly bound unto John Anderson Jeremiah McKay George Fravel and Michael Speagle gentlemen Justices of the County Court of Shanandoah now sitting in the sum of ten thousands pounds current money to be paid to the said Justices or their successors to the payment whereof we bind ourselves our heirs, Executors and Administrators Jointly and Severlly firmly by these Presents seal with our Seals this 30th day of December 1790.


    Shenandoah County, Virginia Deed Book P, pages 402-404

    This Indenture made this ___ day of ___in the year our Lord 1806 between Abraham Savage of the town of New Market and county of Shenandoah on one part and Michael Burner, Joseph Burner, Samuel Burner, John Hiner and Modelena his wife, Peter Ruffner and Elizabeth his wife, Mary Beam, John Stover and Barbara his wife, Samuel Strickler and Christina his wife, David Bumgarner and Catherine his wife, Peter Bumgarner and Franey his wife, which said Michael, Joseph, Samuel, Modelena, Elizabeth, Mary, Barbara, Catherine and Franey are Heirs of Esther Burner, dec'd., Jacob Burner, Pricilla Burner, and Esther Burner, children ,and heirs of J o h n Burner dec'd. Who was also one of the heirs of the said Esther Burner. Abraham Burner, Isaac Burner, Abraham Spitler and Catherine his wife, John Varner and Barbara his wife. The said Abraham, Isaac, Catherine, and Barbara are children and heirs of Jacob Burner, one of the brothers and heirs of the said Esther Burner and Benjamin Ruffner, Martin Ruffner, Rachel Ruffner, Mary Ruffner, and Ann Ruffner children and heirs of Ann Ruffner Dec'd Who was also of the sisters and heirs of the said Esther Burner dec'd, and Savilla Ruffner, and Philip Ruffner children and heirs of Peter Ruffner dec'd who was also one of the children and heirs of the said Ann Ruffner dec'd of the other part. Whereas the said Abraham Savage sold to the said Esther Burner in her lifetime 2 certain lofts of a quarter acre of land Iying and being in the said town of New Market on Congress Street being corner lott on Abraham Street, and known and distinguished in a plan of the said town by number 46, for the sum of 120 pounds current money of Virginia and before of the conveyance thereof and fully completed the said Esther Burner departed this life intestate, leaving the above named persons her heirs and distributees. Now this Indenture witnesseth that the said Abraham Savage for and in consideration of the premises but particularly for the full and completed conveyance of said two quarter acre lofts and the receipt of one dollar to him in hand paid receipt is hereby acknowledged hath granted, bargained, sold, aliened, released, and confirmed, and by these presents cloth grant, bargain, sell, align, release, and confirm unto the said Michael Burner, Joseph Burner, Samuel Burner, John Hiner and Modelena his wife, Peter Ruffner and Elizabeth his wife, Mary Beam, John Stover and Barbara his wife, Samuel Strickler and Christina his wife, David Bumgardner and Catherine his wife, Peter Bumgamer and Frainey his wife. Jacob Burner, Pricilla Burner, and Esther Burner children of John Burner Dec'd. Abraham Burner, Isaac Burner, Abraham Spitler and Catherine his wife, John Varner and Barbara his wife, Peter Bumgamer and Frainey his wife, children and heirs of Jacob Burner dec'd and Benjamin Ruffner, Martin Ruffner, Rachel Ruffner, Mary Ruffner and Ann Ruffner children and heirs of Ann Ruffner dec'd and Savilla Ruffner, Philip Ruffner, children and heirs of Peter Ruffner dec'd who was one of the children and heirs of the said Ann Ruffner dec'd, and their heirs the aforementioned two lotts of 1/4 of an acre of land each and known and distinguish by number 46 and are bounded as followeth, first beginning and running N 25 E 6 poles then S 65 E 13 1/2 poles then S 25 W 6 poles then N 65 W 13 1/2 poles to the beginning, containing half an acre of land and all houses, buildings, orchards, ways, water, water courses, profits, commodities here delancuts (?), and appurtenances whatsoever to the said premises belonging in any wise appertaining and the reversion and reversions remainder and remainders rents (?) and profits thereof, to have and to hold the said 2 lofts of one quarter of an acre of land each, (or half acre) with all and singular the appurtenances thereto belonging unto the said Michael Burner, Joseph Burner, Samuel Burner, John Hiner and Modelena his wife, Peter Ruffner and Elizabeth his wife, Mary Beam, John Stover and Barbara his wife, Samuel Strickler and Christina his wife, David Bumgarner and Catherine his wife, Peter Bumgarner and Frainey his wife. Jacob Burner, Pricilla Burner, and Esther Burner, Abraham Burner, Isaac Burner, Abraham Spitler and Catherine his wife, John Varner and Barbara his wife, Benjamin Ruffner, Martin Ruffner, Rachel Ruffner, Mary Ruffner, Ann Ruffner, Savilla Ruffner and Philip Ruffner and their heirs or assigns forever the only proper use and behalf of them and their heirs forever subject tess(?) to this proviso on condition that they the said Michael Burner, (etc. list all above names again) their heirs or assigns shall pay or cause to be paid to the proprietor of the said town his heirs of assigns as a ground rent on the said lofts, the sum of ten shillings current money of Virginia yearly and every year on or before the first day of April in each year and, the said Abraham Savage and his heirs cloth covenant that he and they will warrant and forever defend the said 2 lofts of one quarter acre of land/or one half of an acre/ with all and singular the appurtenances against the claim or claims of him the said Abraham Savage and his heirs and all and every person or persons whatsoever unto the said Michael Burner,(etc. list all heirs) their heirs or assigns by these presents. In Witness where of the said Abraham Savage hath hereunto let his hand and seal the day and year first written.

    Signed Sealed and delivered in the presence of


    At a court held for the County of Shenandoah on Monday March 9, 1807, the Indenture of bargain and sales from Abraham Savage and Michael Burner and other and heirs of Esther Burner dec'd was proved by the oaths of Jno. Effinger, Edwin Duncan and Philip Williams and order to be recorded.

    Teste: Philip William ASC

    Order Book 1772-1774 Shenandoah County, Virginia Page 109 27 Apr 1773 ;
    John Burner was appointed Gurdian to John Bumgardener, Peter Bumgardener, David Bumgardener, and Christian Bumgardener Opphans of John Bumgardener deceased, Whereupon he togeather with Lewis Pencehis security acknowledgw their bond.

    Jacob married Magdalena Madle “Madley” BUMGARDNER Fredrick County, Now Page County, Virginia. Magdalena (daughter of John “Hans” BUMGARDNER and Catharina “Katharina” HOSTETTER) was born 1724, Lancaster County, Pennyslvania; died 1790, Shenandoah County, Beckford Parish, Now Page County, Virginia. [Group Sheet]

  7. 15.  Magdalena Madle “Madley” BUMGARDNER was born 1724, Lancaster County, Pennyslvania (daughter of John “Hans” BUMGARDNER and Catharina “Katharina” HOSTETTER); died 1790, Shenandoah County, Beckford Parish, Now Page County, Virginia.
    1. Jemima BURNER
    2. Molly BURNER
    3. Magdalena BURNER was born Dunmore County, Virginia; died 1820, Pendleton County, Virginia; was buried Doe Hill, Pendleton County, Virginia.
    4. Anna M. BURNER was born Abt 1742; was buried 5 Apr 1785, On Ruffner Plantion, Page County, Virginia.
    5. Mary BURNER was born 1750, Fredrick County, Virginia; died Sep 1812, Shenandoah County, Virginia.
    6. Jacob BURNER, Jr. was born 1750, Frederick County, Virginia; died 1782, Shenandoah County, Virginia.
    7. Michael BURNER was born Abt 1755, Shenandoah County, Virginia; died 24 Sep 1811, Shenandoah County, Virginia.
    8. 7. Elizabeth BURNER was born 4 Mar 1755, Fredrick County, Virginia; died Abt 1821, Burial Grounds On Ruffner Estate; was buried Route 340, North Luray, Shenandoah County, Now Page County, Virginia.
    9. Joseph BURNER was born 1759, Fredrick County, Virginia.
    10. Christina BURNER was born 1761, Frederick County, Virginia; died 3 Feb 1842, Soullivan County, Tennessee.
    11. Barbara BURNER was born 1765, Shenandoah County, Virginia.
    12. Francis “Frannie” BURNER was born Abt 1767; died 28 Feb 1854, Lawrence County Ohio; was buried Cem. Near Union Landing, Ohio on Robert Davidson Farm.
    13. Samuel BURNER was born 1767, Shenandoah County, Virginia; died 1827, Shenandoah County, Virginia.
    14. John BURNER was born 1769, Shenandoah County, Virginia; died 1802, Shenandoah County, Virginia.
    15. Esther BURNER was born 1777, Shenandoah County, Virginia; died 1806.