William "Patrick Billy" CANNADAY

Male 1781 - 1874

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Generation: 1

  1. 1.  William "Patrick Billy" CANNADAY was born 1781, Franklin County, Virginia (son of James CANNADAY and Elizabeth (Rakes) RAIKES); died 11 Jul 1874, Franklin County, Virginia.


    Known as " Patrick Billy"

    William — Martha Pasty WRIGHT. Martha was born Abt 1782. [Group Sheet]

    1. Stephen H. CANNADAY

    William — Nancy HILL. [Group Sheet]

Generation: 2

  1. 2.  James CANNADAY was born Abt 1755, Patrick County, Virginia (son of William CANNADAY and Nancy JAMES); died 3 Mar 1817, Franklin County, Virginia.


    The Legend of the James Cannaday Family

    The family settled during the Colonial Era in the mountains of Virginia. Our James Cannaday came to Franklin County, settling on the Blue Ridge. Many direct descendents reside there today. The area James was born in is not known; however, it has been said that the family came from Buckingham County (one of the counties originating from the Original Shire-York). The family is of Scotch -Irish descent. No doubt they suffered persecution in Ireland at the hands of the English, and many fled into Holland, Germany, and the New World, arriving in Virginia, settling and building homes in the mountains-high and free from any overlords. he Scots also were oppressed by the English. The grievances of the lrish against the English were many and long-standing. English aggression was the cause of constant rebellion down through the centuries, from the start of the English conquest in 1169 and even up to today. Confiscation of property and massacres drove the Irish from their homes, hence to seek their fortune in other lands and starting the migration.

    This branch of the Cannaday Family is believed to be descended from one of the brothers who came to America in the 1600s. The earliest history and record of our early ancestors is found in the county records of Franklin and Patrick Counties, Virginia. Personal family records were found. In the Akers Fami/y Record, Franklin County, the Cannaday family is one of the first families settling there. Material in this book was checked by this author from the following sources: Franklin County, Virginia, Registry and Pioneers and their Coats of Arms, by permission of the author, Sue Jefferson Shelor, Floyd,Virginia.

    James Cannaday (Kennedy) came to this country with his wife, Elizabeth Raikes, a relative of Sir Robert Raikes, an English founder of Sunday Schools. History tells us that Sir Robert Raikes, b.1735, d.1811,took his Bible and song book and went among those who herded catle and sheep, and taught in the fields; then he came to America. The information I found concerning Robert Raikes is contained in the Family sheets, located in the Family Archives in the Genealogical Library, Salt Lake City, Utah. We still have no proof as to the relationship of Elizabeth Raikes Cannaday to Sir Robert Raikes.

    James Cannaday was a Revolutionary soldier. His war record will be found in the section James Cannaday Family. He and his wife (she was only twelveyears of age when she married) settled on 'Runnett Bag Creek, ' in a house which still stands-opposite Trinity Methodist Church. Below is a picture of this old house as it appeared in June of 1982.
    On the hilltop, to the left and rear of the house, is the old Cannaday Cemetery, where James and Elizabeth and their son, Pleasant, are buried. Their graves, however, are lost, as the stones are not legible due to moss and weathering. Pleasant, however, has a very nice stone, fairly new. There are other graves of Cannadays and Sims, but the entire area is growing up with underbrush and will be lost if it is not cleared soon. Much of the family heritage will be lost.

    The house is two stories high with one large room with a fireplace downstairs. On the second floor, there were probably two rooms. The large room on the ground floor opens out onto a large porch. The huge fireplace with a mantle has a very interesting story, as follows:

    There was a two-pronged fork wedged tightly above the mantle in the old chimney. Mrs. Cannaday placed it there in the late 1700s, so we hear. The story was that she put it there because, after forks were invented to use with knives, a man used a fork to mutilate and kill his wife; therefore, the legislature passed a law forbidding the use of forks. The fork stayed in the chimney until the late 1970s. The legend says that a curse would be placed on any person who removed it from the mantle and tried to leave with it. A boy went into the house, removed the fork and tried to leave, taking the fork. He got as far as the gate, but could go no further. He had to return to the house. So far as anyone knows, he put the fork back. It may be in the wall back of the mantle; it has never been found. It is said that this boy has since murdered several persons and is at the present serving time in the penitentiary-a life sentence.

    Another folk story about the house is: It's haunted! One of the neighbors and a friend decided to stay overnight in the house to prove it was not haunted. The report is that they heard noises, like tubs rolling down steps with chains, getting louder and louder. Terrified, they left quickly, vowing never to go back. So far as I know, they haven't.

    Another incident that occurred at the house is worth mentioning. After the deaths of James and his son Pleasant, a disagreement arose between the two Elizabeth's. They were both living in the house. This led to a court case. The judge divided the house down the middle and ordered each woman to stay on her own side of the house. Eventually, the younger Elizabeth moved to West Virginia with her children, leaving her mother-in-law there. Elizabeth Raikes Cannaday lived to be 105.

    The old superstitions, sayings, and ghost stories were believed by many-the Pennsylvania Dutch settlers, fresh from Pennsylvania (probably
    Quakers), German people from the Black Woods and the River Rhine with superstitions native to Germany. These blended stories are still native to Floyd County and may last as long as the credulity of man is a factor in their propagation.
    As one story goes, there was a doctor, an educated man of the old type, who owned a large farm and a number of slaves and had a wide country practice. He was the only doctor for miles around. For pleasure he farmed, for the life of a doctor under those conditions was a very hard one-particularly in the winter. Frequently, he had to be in the saddle all night, facing the storms of snow and rain to help some sufferer who could only offer his thanks as pay. Most people were very poor.

    It was a custom of the well-to-do farmers 'before the war' to gather up the farm produce of tobacco, apples, potatoes, turkeys, chickens, butter and eggs and make a trip to market in the fall of the year, in a four or six horse wagon. Near Roanoke, one Little boy accompanied his father on such a trip, riding his pony part of the time, sleeping in the wagon at night, and coming home the proud owner of a new pair of boots.

    Thinking back on the old timers, and the records of the first settlers of our native home, l can see the mother and father seated before the old hickory-log fire glowing in the wide fireplace, recounting with their neighbors the old days and the War. The father's eyes would light up as he would reminisce about the Western Campaign-the days spent scouting and guarding along New River. And his first Little fight, the skirmish at Pearisburg, Giles County, Virginia, coming by way of and through the present site of Bluefield, on to Princeton, the county seat of Mercer County, and hearing complaints that the Confederate soldiers were burning the rail fences for fuel for their campfires.

    James Cannaday owned a large number of slaves, as did all of the people in that area. He had a vast estate along these creeks. lt is said that many times when people were traveling along the road back of the house, they stopped and bedded down their slaves for the night in front of the house near the spring.

    The queer name, Runnet Bag Creek, came from that of a spring in Smart View Park, spelled 'Rennet Bag,' on Blue Ridge Parkway signs labeling the
    creek. It starts as a small stream high in the mountains, running along the roadside, winding down through gaps and valleys, receiving other small streams, rippling along the wild rugged mountainside to the base where it forms a good-sized creek. At one time its water grew corn that was ground at the old Cannaday Mill built over one hundred years ago by a Mr. Treadwell. This old mill was destroyed by fire several years ago. The creek joins Otter Creek in the midst of the John Treadwell Cannaday farm, still owned (in 1948) by his granddaughter, Mrs. Sallie Cannaday Ross. The last I heard, she was very ill in the hospital in Collinsville, Virginia (1984). The lake above the U.S. Flood Control Pilpot Dam, built in 1953, covers more than two hundred acres of this farm, which made it necessary to abandon the family home. These creeks wind their way to the Smith's River which forms the lake at the Fairystone State Park. Corn grew and still grows on those rich bottom lands at the top of the mountains in Floyd County; slaves would take their sacks and descend the mountain, carrying bags of corn. The chief occupation of the people was farming. The manners and customs of the people were halfway between the primitive backwoods settler and the educated and refined.

    They moved on across New River, lower down among the hills of Greenbrier, at Big and Linle Suel Mountains. On the hill they had a good position, but through faulty judgment and the curse of banle gave it up and marched down into the lower field nearer town, leveling the fences as they went. There, to their surprise, an overwhelming force of Unions soldiers drove them pell-mell back over the level fields with such momentum that it was impossible to stop and reform on the crest of the ridge. Once, they had an almost impregnable position. Now, the battle was lost and General Floyd almost heart broken against the Master spirit of the forces of Grant of the West, camp life, sickness and almost death, fever, etc....

    The hickory logs were burning, throwing a faint glow far back in the room, making deep shadows. One of the old timers began to tell the story of the 'Real War' and proceeded to tell of the Crossing of Washington's army over the Delaware River and of the intense cold-how, in these latter days, we do not have winters so severe, snows so deep, nor ice so thick as in his day. He told of his march with the army into Princeton the next day, how they surprised those happy, beer-drinking Hessian-Germans, sent them helter-skelter to cover and gained a glowing victory. This so heartened Washington's Army that they were enabled to withstand the intense cold and near-starvation in the winter in Valley Forge. :

    It is told that James Cannaday of Runnett Bag would be introduced at these gatherings and would tell of his services along the southern border of Virginia and into North Carolina, chasing and being chased. Mostly being chased. "What we did for that fel!ow, Tarlton, confound him, was aplenty," continued James. They would all laugh and called him the "father of 'Patrick Billy' ", now famous for his twenty-four children.

    Captain Benjamin Weddle (also married into the Cannaday family) would come down from West Fork and tell of the battle of Point Pleasant. He took his company and ambushed the extreme northwestern end of the fort. He would re-enact that memorable battle of grapple and death with the savages, the winning of which according to Weddle finally broke the backbone of the lndian resistance to colonization along the Ohio River and farther in to the west !

    He told how the Indians Were so enraged at him that they burned his home on New River Fleeing With his family, we went to Bent Mountain, Montgomery County, where it is believed that his descendants can still be found. Wouldn't it be wonderful if some of the memories of the lives and experiences of our forebears could be recalled today. Our life, with all the modern trials and tribulations, would be nothing by comparison.

    Listed as a private in American Rev. War and is listed in the 1966 D.A.R. Patriot Index on page 382.
    His will was probated 9 feb 1817, executors were am William Cannaday and James Cannaday. Recorded in Will Book 2 , page 169, Rocky Mount, Franklin County, Virginia. 12 children only four mentioned in the will . But he said " that he put them all on 'a' equal 'footing' except his youngest 'sun Pleasant' and he wanted him to have the land he lived on himself and two hundred dollars also 'William' Cannaday a certain tract of land and also John Cannaday the right to a cert in tract of land, and he said he wanted them to o 'sumthing' clever for a granddaughter of his also stating that he wanted William Cannaday and James Cannaday to be the executors to the estate. The will was witnessed by James Radford and Joshua Young.
    Will proved in court 3 mar 1917.
    An inventory on 17 mar 1817 listed 6 slaves valued at $1,596.00, household good app. $148.83, farm equipment app. $45.00, 2 horse $125.00, 5 cows $50.00, 5 yearlings $7.50, 28 head hogs $28.75, 14 head sheep $28.00, 14 geese $3.50, one still $60.00, eight barrels corn $40.00. Total inventory app. $2,150.00.

    James married Elizabeth (Rakes) RAIKES 1775. Elizabeth was born Abt 1756, Buckingham County, Virginia; died 1 Sep 1853, Franklin County, Virginia. [Group Sheet]

  2. 3.  Elizabeth (Rakes) RAIKES was born Abt 1756, Buckingham County, Virginia; died 1 Sep 1853, Franklin County, Virginia.


    Certification of death on record, Commonweath of Virginia shows tha Elizabeth Cannady died in Franklin County, Virginia on 1 Sep 1853 at 97 years old of old age, Names of parents not given or date of birth, however birthplace was given by her gradson Isaac Y, Canady as Buckingham County, Virginia ., This information was given to the Commonwealth of Virginia between 1853 and 1896.

    Reported to have had twelve children, could have been four more children, although there is no record, at this time, to be found to verify this belief.
    Rakes . . . Copied trom Old Records - Some New

    From the order books in Franklin County Clerk's office; Dec. 1786, to
    Charles Rakes for carrying chain in surveying line between counties of
    Franklin and Henry, 144 pounds of tobacco.

    Will of Antony Rakes, dated Aug. 10,1822; Wife, Nancy Rakes. Land
    o be divided between David and Charley. Personal property to be
    divided among; Carter, Lewis, William and Polly Rakes. Proved Jan. 6,
    1823, David Rakes a witness.

    Eliabeth Rakes (or Raikes) married James Cannaday (James
    Kennedy)l one ot General Nathaniel Green's Revolutionary soldiers.
    See "Soffel's Records of the Revolutionary War", page 504. They lived
    on Runnet Bag Creek in the west of Franklin County, where Elizabeth
    attained the great age of 105 years. Their children were; Mary, William,
    James, John, Charles, David and Pleasant.

    Charles Rakes 1740/50-1838 (doubtless the one who carried surveyor's chain in Surveying the county line between Franklin and Henry Counties in the year 1785 and 1786, (and received his pay in tobacco), lived on waters of SmIth's River near where the counties of Franklin and Patrick join. Herehe raised a family, one of whom was Samuel. This could have been Elizabeth's Brother?

    She is reporated to be a relative of Sir Robert Raikes, English founder of Sunday Schools. History tell us that Sir Robert Raikes b. 1735 and d. 1811 first took his Bible and song book and would go among those who herded cattle and sheep and taught in the field, and then came to America and taught the first Sunday school ever taught in America.

    1. James John CANNADAY was born Franklin County, Virginia; died 1842.
    2. Elizabeth CANNADAY
    3. 1. William "Patrick Billy" CANNADAY was born 1781, Franklin County, Virginia; died 11 Jul 1874, Franklin County, Virginia.
    4. Mary Polly CANNADAY was born 18 Sep 1781, Franklin County, Virginia; died 2 Aug 1861.
    5. Charles CANNADAY was born 5 Jan 1793, Franklin County, Virginia; died 29 Jul 1853.
    6. James CANNADAY was born 15 Mar 1793, Franklin County, Virginia; died 4 Nov 1861, Franklin County, Virginia.
    7. David CANNADAY was born 1794, Franklin County, Virginia; died 25 Nov 1839, Franklin County, Virginia.
    8. Pleasant CANNADAY was born 1801, Franklin County, Virginia; died 21 Dec 1829, Franklin County, Virginia.

Generation: 3

  1. 4.  William CANNADAY was born Abt 1733; died 1801, Franklin County, Virginia.


    A John Cannaday immigarted to Virginia in 1642, by George Cabell Greer, clerk, Virginia State land Office.
    In the records of Lancaster County, Virginia on 15 Jan 1736 a John Cannaday married a Katherine Heale. From Irish Settlers in America by Michael J. O'brien, also shows a William Cannaday and Margaret Linee 16 Jan 1747. Birth; Ann Cannaday Stafford County Virginia 2 Mar 1753, Catherine Cannaday 3 Dec 1721
    Thought to have come from Buckingham County, Virginia

    Grant to William Cannaday'
    Transcribed by Loyd L. Epperly
    P.O. Box 306
    Madison, VA 22727
    Thomas Jefferson Esquire Governor of the Commonwealth of Virginia to all Whom these presents shall come greeting know ye that in consideration of the amount --- --- of fifteen Shilling Sterling paid by William Cannaday into the treasury of the commonwealth there is Granted by the Said commonwealth unto the said William Cannaday a certain tract or parcel of land Containing one hundred
    and Eight acres Lying and being in the County of Henry2 on Riconnet Bag Creek and bounded as follows. Now Beginning at a white Oak on the Said creek Thence new lines North twenty four East Eighty one poles to a red Oak North Forty Six West one hundred ninety four poles to a Chestnut tree South forty six west forty poles to a Hickory North fifty Seven West Seventy two poles to a Spanish Oak South Eighty West thirty Eight poles to a Spanish Oak, South twenty Eight poles to beech in the fork of the creek at the foot of a mountain, Thence along the Said Mountain North fifty three East two hundred poles to a white Oak at the foot of the said mountain, South twenty nine East one hundred and Sixteen poles to Hickory North Seventy East Sixteen poles to the first Station with its appurtenances to have and to hold the said tract or parcel of land with its appurtenances to Said William Cannaday, and his Heirs for Ever in Witness is hereof the Said Thomas Jefferson Esquire Governor of the Commonwealth of Virginia Bath hereunto fix his hand and caused the Seal of the Said Commonwealth to be affixed at Williamsburg on the tenth Day of November in the Year of our Lord one thousand Seven hundred & Seventy-nine and of the Commonwealth.1779
    Signed by Thos Jefferson
    1 Grant to William Cannaday from The commonwealth of Virginia dated 10 Nov 1779. From Virginia State Library Microfilm: Land office Grants B 1779--1780 Reel 43, Page 10.

    2 Pitsylvania is inserted above the word Henry. In fact Henry was formerly part of Pitsylvania. This part of Henry now belongs to Franklin Co.

    Property Deed

    The property deed was found in Book 2, page 344 of the Franklin County records. It is written by hand and the script is so small that much of it is unreadable. However, the names, William Cannaday and William Allen are legible as is the date of the transaction. The date was 2 February 1792 and the money was ten pounds (at that time Virginia was the Commonwealth and a Colony of England). The papers were submitted to the Courthouse on 2 April1792 This deed is in the files of Walter Clark Cannaday (copy) This indicates that the Cannaday family was in Frankiin County in the middle 1700s From the information that has been found, they migrated from the middle of Virginia Territory into the Blue Ridge area. The records of Buckingham County were destroyed. but family information indicates that they possibly came from that general area. There is, to my knowledge, no possible way to prove it.
    On page one, Feb. 1786 "An Old Virginia Court" being a transcript of the Records of the First Court of Franklin County, Virginia by Marshall Wingfield< D.D. . It was ordered that William Canady be appointed constable for the county.

    William — Nancy JAMES. [Group Sheet]

  2. 5.  Nancy JAMES
    1. 2. James CANNADAY was born Abt 1755, Patrick County, Virginia; died 3 Mar 1817, Franklin County, Virginia.
    2. Sarah CANNADAY was born Abt 1757.
    3. Misniah CANNADAY was born Abt 1759; died 1803.
    4. John CANNADAY was born Abt 1761.
    5. Nancy CANNADAY was born Abt 1763.